What is the upper extremity functional index?

The Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI) is a patient reported outcome measure used to assess the functional impairment in individuals with musculoskeletal upper limb dysfunction.

What are the functions of the main upper limb muscles?

The upper limb comprises many muscles which are organized into anatomical compartments. These muscles act on the various joints of the hand, arm, and shoulder, maintaining tone, providing stability and allowing precise fluid movement.

What are the parts of the upper extremities?

The upper extremity or arm is a functional unit of the upper body. It consists of three sections, the upper arm, forearm, and hand. It extends from the shoulder joint to the fingers and contains 30 bones.

What is the lower limb functional index?

The Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) is a questionnaire containing 20 questions about a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks. The LEFS can be used by clinicians as a measure of patients’ initial function, ongoing progress and outcome, as well as to set functional goals.

What is a normal DASH score?

Answer: Normative data for the DASH Outcome Measure have been collected in a large general population survey conducted by the AAOS. The results have been published by Hunsaker (2002). Hunsaker reported that the general population would score 10.1 on the DASH with a standard deviation of 14.68.

How do you read a DASH score?

The possible score ranges from 0 to 100 points. 0 points represent a complete, unrestricted function of the upper extremities, while 100 points represent the greatest possible functional impairment. The DASH score is one of the most established questionnaires for disorders of the upper limb.

How many muscles are in the upper extremity?

You have more than twenty muscles in your upper arm and your forearm (the area between your elbow and your wrist).

What two muscles of the arms perform bending or extending actions?

The biceps and triceps muscles work together to allow you to bend and straighten your elbow.

What are upper extremities examples?

The term upper extremity is an anatomical term referring to those body parts comprising the upper limbs. Upper extremity can include the shoulder, arm, forearm, wrist, and hand.

What is a good score on the lower extremity functional scale?

They found a mean LEFS score of 71, indicating a good result of their treatment. When less than 15% of the individuals have the minimum score, no floor effect is present, and when less than 15% reach the maximum score, there is no ceiling effect (McHorney and Tarlov 1995).

What is a functional scale?

Patient Specific Functional Scale was developed by Stratford et al 1995 as a self-report outcome measure of function that could be used in patients with varying levels of independence.

How do you score a DASH questionnaire?

Simply add up the assigned values for each response and divide by four (number of items); subtract one and multiply by 25 to get a score out of 100. If more than 10 percent of the items (that is, more than three items) are left blank by the respondent, you will not be able to calculate a DASH disability/symptom score.

What is a moderate DASH score?

18. Recreational activities in which you take some force or impact through your arm, shoulder or hand (eg golf, hammering, tennis, etc). No difficulty (0) Mild difficulty (25) Moderate difficulty (50) Severe difficulty (75) Unable (100)

What two muscles are in upper arm?

Upper arm muscles

  • Biceps brachii. Often referred to as your biceps, this muscle contains two heads that start at the front and back of your shoulder before joining together at your elbow.
  • Brachialis. This muscle lies underneath your biceps.
  • Coracobrachialis. This muscle is located near your shoulder.

How do I remember my upper extremity muscles?

An easy way to remember arm muscles PART 1 – YouTube

What are the 4 major muscles of the arm?

Your upper arm muscle anatomy includes:

  • Biceps brachii. Your biceps muscle is in the middle of your upper arm.
  • Brachialis. This deep muscle sits underneath your biceps.
  • Coracobrachialis. Also deep under your biceps, this muscle connects to your scapula (shoulder blade).
  • Triceps brachii.

What are the 2 bicep muscles?

The biceps includes a “short head” and a “long head” that work as a single muscle. The biceps is attached to the arm bones by tough connective tissues called tendons. The tendons that connect the biceps muscle to the shoulder joint in two places are called the proximal biceps tendons.

Is shoulder an upper extremity?

How do you score Lef?

LEFS score = SUM (points for all 20 activities) Interpretation: Minimum score: 0 Maximum score: 80 The lower the score the greater the disability. The Minimal Detectable Change (MDC) is 9 scale points. The Minimal clinically Important Difference (MCID) is 9 scale points.

How do you calculate lower extremity functional scale?

How is Dash scale calculated?

How many joints are in the upper limb?

The upper limb has a wide range of precise movements associated with it to allow us to effectively interact with our environment, the 6 main joints covered here (from proximal to distal) are the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, shoulder, elbow, radioulnar, and wrist joints.

What are the major arm muscles and their functions give three examples?

Anterior compartment

  • Flexor carpi ulnaris. This muscle flexes and adducts your wrist.
  • Palmaris longus. This muscle helps with flexion of your wrist, though not everyone has it.
  • Flexor carpi radialis. This muscle allows for flexion of your wrist in addition to abduction of your hand and wrist.
  • Pronator teres.

What are the muscles of the upper body?

Upper Body Muscles

  • Trapezius. This is a large triangular shaped muscle that runs from the centre of your back up to the neck, running across your shoulder blade.
  • Rhomboids.
  • Deltoids.
  • Rotator Cuff (Rotators)
  • Pectorals.
  • Biceps.
  • Triceps.
  • Forearm Muscles.

What are the 6 major muscles and their functions?

The six major muscle groups you want to train are the chest, back, arms, shoulders, legs, and calves. You want to train each of these muscle groups at least once every 5 to 7 days for maximum muscle gain.