What is the most common cause of splenomegaly?
Infections, such as mononucleosis, are among the most common causes of splenomegaly. Problems with your liver, such as cirrhosisand cystic fibrosis, can also cause an enlarged spleen. Another possible cause of splenomegaly is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
What are 3 diseases that affect the spleen?
Blood cancers, such as leukemia and myeloproliferative neoplasms, and lymphomas, such as Hodgkin’s disease. Metabolic disorders, such as Gaucher disease and Niemann-Pick disease. Pressure on the veins in the spleen or liver or a blood clot in these veins. Autoimmune conditions, such as lupus or sarcoidosis.
What might cause an enlarged spleen?
An enlarged spleen is the result of damage or trauma to the spleen from any of several different medical conditions, diseases, or types of physical trauma. Infections, liver problems, blood cancers, and metabolic disorders can all cause your spleen to become enlarged, a condition called splenomegaly.
What would cause your spleen to hurt?
Some common causes of spleen pain include infections such as mono or pneumonia, autoimmune conditions such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders such as diabetes, or liver diseases such as hepatitis.
What is the best treatment for splenomegaly?
Your doctor might recommend surgery to remove your spleen (splenectomy) for diagnostic purposes when there’s no identifiable cause for the enlargement. More often, the spleen is removed as treatment. After surgery to remove it, the spleen is examined under a microscope to check for possible lymphoma of the spleen.
Which antibiotic is best for splenomegaly?
Possible choices of empiric antimicrobial agents include cefotaxime (adult dose of 2 g IV q8h; pediatric dose of 25-50 mg/kg IV q6h) or ceftriaxone (adult dose of 2 g q12-24h; pediatric dose of 50 mg/kg IV q12h).
Where do you feel spleen pain?
Spleen pain is usually felt as a pain behind your left ribs. It may be tender when you touch the area. This can be a sign of a damaged, ruptured or enlarged spleen.
What vitamins help the spleen?
Vitamins to Help the Spleen
- The correct balance of vitamins is necessary for keeping the spleen working optimally.
- Vitamin B-12 can be found in fortified cereals.
- Iron is found in red meat, cereals and dark leafy vegetables.
- Vitamin C will help your body absorb iron.
Is an enlarged spleen serious?
Left untreated, an enlarged spleen can lead to serious complications. In most cases, treatment of the underlying cause of the enlarged spleen can prevent removal of the spleen. In some cases, the spleen will need to be removed surgically (splenectomy).
What are signs of spleen problems?
Otherwise, look out for:
- feeling full very quickly after eating (an enlarged spleen can press on the stomach)
- feeling discomfort or pain behind your left ribs.
- anaemia and fatigue.
- frequent infections.
- easy bleeding.
How does spleen pain feel?
Can splenomegaly be cured?
If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the cause can’t be identified or treated, surgery to remove your spleen (splenectomy) might be an option. In chronic or critical cases, surgery might offer the best hope for recovery. Elective spleen removal requires careful consideration.
What drugs cause splenomegaly?
Chemotherapeutic drugs (eg, oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, bevacizumab, etc) are often implicated in drug-induced splenomegaly. RhoGAM is also known to cause splenomegaly in some patients.
Do blood tests show spleen problems?
Doctors can often tell if you have an enlarged spleen by feeling your abdomen. A blood test, CT scan or MRI scan can confirm the diagnosis. The spleen is not usually removed if it’s just enlarged.
What medications reduce spleen size?
- Ruxolitinib (Jakafi®), which has been shown to reduce spleen size in some patients.
- Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®), which may reduce the size of an enlarged spleen and relieve related symptoms.
- Interferon alfa (Intron A, Roferon-A, Pegasys), which can control spleen enlargement.
What do spleen problems feel like?
What foods heal the spleen?
Moderate quantities of cereals and pulses sustain good spleen function. Rice, wheat, quinoa, millet, buckwheat, lentils, dried beans, chickpeas and peas of all kinds should be eaten everyday. They can be accompanied by generous portions of vegetables, and sensible portions of meat or fish.
Is spleen pain serious?
If you have pain that is severe or gets worse when taking a deep breath, see your doctor right away. If you have an enlarged spleen, you may develop other signs or symptoms, too. These are related to the underlying disease.
How do doctors check your spleen?
Blood tests, such as a complete blood count to check the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in your system and liver function. Ultrasound or CT scan to help determine the size of your spleen and whether it’s crowding other organs. MRI to trace blood flow through the spleen.
Which medicine is best for splenomegaly?
What doctor treats spleen issues?
One of the most common problems that develops with your spleen is an issue that causes it to inflame or enlarge. In today’s blog, we take a closer look at some of the causes of an enlarged spleen, and we explain how a gastroenterologist can help treat the condition.
How do you know if your spleen is inflamed?
If you do have symptoms, they might include:
- Upper left quadrant abdominal pain. It may also radiate to your left shoulder or back.
- Palpable spleen. You usually can’t feel your spleen with your hand, unless it’s enlarged.
- Loss of appetite or early fullness. Your enlarged spleen might encroach on your stomach below.
How do you diagnose spleen problems?
How can I clean my spleen naturally?
- The foremost factor for spleen health is mindful eating.
- Introduce a small amount of protein in your diet.
- Have natural warm food stuff like ginger, black pepper, cardamom, and cinnamon that help clean the spleen and provide antioxidants.
What are the symptoms of a damaged spleen?
Symptoms of a ruptured spleen can include left-side abdominal pain, referred left shoulder pain, lightheadedness, confusion, dizziness, and blurred vision. Some individuals may also experience hemorrhagic shock as a result of massive blood loss. A ruptured spleen can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.