What is the message of Ode on Melancholy?

Essentially the poem is about how to deal—and how not to deal—with deep sadness. The speaker comes across as a kind of advisor who warns against turning to intoxication or death for relief from melancholy. Instead, the speaker agues that melancholy should be embraced.

What is Keats conveying in the first stanza of Ode on Melancholy?

The first stanza tells what not to do: The sufferer should not “go to Lethe,” or forget their sadness (Lethe is the river of forgetfulness in Greek mythology); should not commit suicide (nightshade, “the ruby grape of Prosperpine,” is a poison; Prosperpine is the mythological queen of the underworld); and should not …

What kind of poem is Ode on Melancholy?

The ode is an ancient Greek form of poetry that is a formal, dignified form generally written in praise of or in defense of a particular person or thing. Keats’s “Ode on Melancholy” certainly qualifies—his poem is written in a formal way, with a tight rhyme and meter, and it argues that melancholy is a good thing.

What is melancholy poem?

Ode on Melancholy, poem in three stanzas by John Keats, published in Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems in 1820. It speaks of the transience of joy and desire and acknowledges that sadness is the inevitable accompaniment of human passion and happiness.

What is the tone of Ode on Melancholy?

Language and tone in Ode to Melancholy

The tone is more didactic, more instructional, than the Ode on a Grecian Urn. The first and second stanzas turn on imperative verbs. In the first stanza they are negative: ‘go not’, followed by ‘Nor suffer’, ‘Make not’ and ‘Nor let’.

What is melancholy imagery?

These images are characterised either by their fleeting quality (‘rainbow’, ‘cloud’, ‘sand-wave’, ‘anger’) or by their dark associations (‘April shroud’ and the idea of imprisoning the mistress’s ‘soft hand’. Thus images of beauty are intermixed with images of melancholy.

Who is a melancholic poet?

John Keats died of tuberculosis at the age of 26 in 1821. His simple grave bears the epitaph “Here lies one whose name was writ in water.” This represents a fear that many artists have. It’s not just the fear of death, but the fear of dying without accomplishing their creative goals.

How does Ode on Melancholy reflect a paradox?

The odes are full of paradoxical and self-contradictory ideas—the attribution of human experience to the frozen figures on the urn, for instance. But the “Ode on Melancholy” builds its entire theme on an apparent paradox—that pleasure and pain are intimately connected and that sadness rests at the core of joy.

What is the rhyme scheme of Ode on Melancholy?

It is written in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme ABABCDECDE for the first two stanzas and ABABCDEDCE (with the rhyming of second- and third-to-last lines switched) for the third stanza.

When did Keats write Ode to melancholy?

‘Ode on Melancholy’ is one of the five great odes John Keats composed in the summer and autumn of 1819. It was first published in 1820 in Keats’s third and final publication, Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St Agnes, and Other Poems.