What is the correct equation for depression in freezing point?

The freezing point depression ∆T = KF·m where KF is the molal freezing point depression constant and m is the molality of the solute. Rearrangement gives: mol solute = (m) x (kg solvent) where kg of solvent is the mass of the solvent (lauric acid) in the mixture. This gives the moles of the solute.

What is the freezing point of t-Butanol in Celsius?

The freezing point of t-butanol is 25.50 C and Kf is 9.1 C⋅ kg/mol. Usually t-butanol absorbs water on exposure to air.

What is the KF constant?

Kf is a constant for a given solvent. Kf is called the molal freezing point depression constant and represents how many degrees the freezing point of the solvent will change when 1.00 mole of a nonvolatile nonionizing (nondissociating) solute dissolves in one kilogram of solvent.

How do you calculate freezing point depression from mass?

Use the freeing point depression ( Δ T f ) to calculate the molality of the solution. Then use the molality equation to calculate the moles of solute. Then divide the grams of solute by the moles to determine the molar mass.

Why there is depression in freezing point?

The explanation for the freezing point depression is then simply that as solvent molecules leave the liquid and join the solid, they leave behind a smaller volume of liquid in which the solute particles can roam. The resulting reduced entropy of the solute particles thus is independent of their properties.

How do you calculate the freezing point?

The freezing point of water in kelvin is 273.15 K. The relation between Celsius and Kelvin scales of temperature is TKelvin = TCelsius + 273.15 . The freezing point of water in Celsius is 0 °C ; hence, the freezing point is 273.15 K in the Kelvin scale.

Is tert-Butyl alcohol same as tert-butanol?

tert-Butyl alcohol is the simplest tertiary alcohol, with a formula of (CH3)3COH (sometimes represented as t-BuOH). Its isomers are 1-butanol, isobutanol, and butan-2-ol. tert-Butyl alcohol is a colorless solid, which melts near room temperature and has a camphor-like odor.

What happens when tertiary butyl alcohol?

But things change when a tertiary alcohol is present. Formation of double-bond will take place. As you can see the tertiary butyl alcohol has been dehydrated into an alkene. So the answer to the above question is option (C) $\text{1-butene}$ is formed.

What is KF in chemistry freezing point depression?

The freezing point depression (ATf) of solutions of nonelectrolytes has been found to be equal to the molality (m) of the solute times a proportionality constant called the molal freezing point depression constant (Kf).

How do you find the freezing constant?


  1. Step 1: Calculate the freezing point depression of benzene. Tf = (Freezing point of pure solvent) – (Freezing point of solution)
  2. Step 2 : Calculate the molal concentration of the solution. molality = moles of solute / kg of solvent.
  3. Step 3: Calculate Kf of the solution. Tf = (Kf) (m)

How do you find the freezing point?

Boiling Point Elevation, Freezing Point Depression & Osmotic Pressure

How do you determine freezing point?

Insert the thermometer in the slush, before the one you’re measuring turns completely liquid. Leave the thermometer in there until the point when it becomes all liquid. Write down the temperature when that happens. Make sure the thermometer you are using reads below 0 degree C.

Which has highest depression in freezing point?

Among given choices K2SO4 gives maximum number of ions, so it will have maximum depression in freezing point.

Will the depression in freezing point be same or different?

Solution : The depression in freezing point will be same in both the solutions because both are non-electrolytes and give same number of solute particles.

How do you find the freezing point of an aqueous solution?

Example: Calculating Boiling and Freezing Point of an Electrolyte Solution

  1. Calculate the freezing point depression: ΔTf = -Kfm. Kf = 1.855 (from table above) Since: NaCl → Na+(aq) + Cl-(aq):
  2. Calculate the freezing point of the solution: Tf (solution) = normal freezing point + ΔTf Tf (solution) = 0.000 – 0.557 = -0.557oC.

Is freezing point depression always negative?

The change in the freezing point is proportional to the amount of solute added. This phenomenon is called freezing point depression. The change in the freezing point is defined as: ∆Tf = Tf,solution − Tf,solvent. ∆Tf is negative because the temperature of the solution is lower than that of the pure solvent.

What is another name for tert-Butyl alcohol?

tert-Butyl alcohol

Preferred IUPAC name 2-Methylpropan-2-ol
Other names t-Butyl alcohol tert-Butanol t-Butanol t-BuOH Trimethyl carbinol 2-Methyl-2-propanol 2M2P
CAS Number 75-65-0

Is t-butyl alcohol polar or nonpolar?

Solvents and Polarity

Solvent Relative Polarity
acetone 0.355
dimethylformamide (DMF) 0.386
t-butyl alcohol 0.389
sulfolane 0.41

Is t-butyl alcohol primary secondary or tertiary?


tert-Butyl alcohol is a tertiary (3º) alcohol, and does not react with oxidizing agents.

How do you calculate depression?

A total score is calculated by summing the individual scores from each question.

  1. Scores below 7 generally represent the absence or remission of depression.
  2. Scores between 7-17 represent mild depression.
  3. Scores between 18-24 represent moderate depression.
  4. Scores 25 and above represent severe depression.

What is the relationship between KF and KB?

Kf=Kb is the correct answer.

How do you calculate change in freezing point?

Due to the lowering of vapor pressure, the freezing point of solutions decreases with the addition of nonvolatile solute. We can express the change or depression in freezing point ΔTf as: ΔTf = Tf0 – Tfs .

What does freezing point depression depend on?

In this case, for low solute concentrations, the freezing point depression depends solely on the concentration of solute particles, not on their individual properties. The freezing point depression thus is called a colligative property.

How do you predict freezing point?

The freezing point depression can be found from the simple formula ΔTf=m×Kf×i Δ T f = m × K f × i , where m is the molality, i is the Van’t Hoff factor, and Kf is the proportionality constant for freezing.

Can you drink t-butyl alcohol?

damage. Drinking alcohol may increase the liver damage caused by tert-Butyl Alcohol. Very toxic chemicals, or those that are reproductive hazards or sensitizers, require expert advice on control measures if a less toxic chemical cannot be substituted.