What is Bose-Einstein condensate in matter?

Definition of Bose-Einstein condensate

physics. : a state of matter that occurs when a set of atoms is cooled almost to absolute zero in which a statistical description of the positions of the atoms implies that they physically overlap each other and in effect form a single atom.

Is Bose-Einstein condensate theoretical?

The phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation of dilute gases in traps is reviewed from a theoretical perspective. Mean-field theory provides a framework to understand the main features of the condensation and the role of interactions between particles.

Who discovered Bose-Einstein condensate of matter?

Bose-Einstein condensates were first predicted theoretically by Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974), an Indian physicist who also discovered the subatomic particle named for him, the boson.

What is Bose theory?

Einstein generalized Bose’s theory to an ideal gas of identical atoms or molecules for which the number of particles is conserved and, in the same year, predicted that at sufficiently low temperatures the particles would become locked together in the lowest quantum state of the system.

What is an example of BEC?

Two examples of BEC include superfluids, such as cold liquid helium, or superconductors, such as the nucleons inside a neutron star. Bose-Einstein condensates are another state of matter, similar to solids but with less energy.

What is the 7th state of matter?

But there are two additional states of matter that not only can exist, but do: Bose-Einstein Condensates and Fermionic Condensates, the sixth and seventh states of matter. At present, they’re only achievable under extreme laboratory conditions, but they might play an important role in the Universe itself.

Is BEC a state of matter?

Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a state of matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − 273.15 °C, or − 459.67 °F; K = kelvin), coalesce into a single quantum mechanical entity—that is, one that can be described by a wave function—on a near-macroscopic scale.

Does Bose-Einstein condensate exist in nature?

They’re not found naturally on Earth, but some speculate that the high-pressure conditions around neutron stars may give rise to BEC-like gases (1). High densities in that extreme environment may bring the particles so close together they act like condensates.

What is the example of BEC?

What are 7 states of matter?

The seven states of matter that I am investigating are Solids, Liquids, Gases, Ionized Plasma, Quark-Gluon Plasma, Bose-Einstein Condensate and Fermionic Condensate.

Why is it called Bose-Einstein condensate?

This form of matter was predicted in 1924 by Albert Einstein on the basis of the quantum formulations of the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose.

Where is Bose-Einstein condensate found in nature?

A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC), as the collective low-energy state of bosons has come to be known, is very much possible and has been found to exist not only in ultracold atomic gases, but also at higher temperatures in materials hosting bosonic quasiparticles such as magnons, excitons and polaritons.

What are the 18 states of matter?


  • Bose-Einstein condensate.
  • Fermionic condensate.
  • Rydberg molecule.
  • Quantum Hall state.
  • Photonic matter.
  • Dropleton.
  • What are the 13 states of matter?

    13: States of Matter

    Phase Shape Density
    Gas fills entire container low
    Liquid fills a container from bottom to top high
    Solid rigid high

    What is the 5th state of matter called?

    Bose-Einstein condensates
    However, there is also a fifth state of matter — Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), which scientists first created in the lab 25 years ago. When a group of atoms is cooled to near absolute zero, the atoms begin to clump together, behaving as if they were one big “super-atom.”

    What is the 5th state of matter?

    Are there 22 states matter?

    Considering all the studies that have been done till today, there are 22 states of matter in total described below: Solid: a solid holds a definite shape and volume without a container and its particles are held very close to each other.

    Are there 18 states of matter?

    The three classical states of matter are solid, liquid and gas. In the 20th century however, increased understanding of the more exotic properties of matter resulted in the identification of many additional states of matter, none of which are observed in normal conditions.

    Why Bose-Einstein condensate is important?

    An important effect, that can observed in Bose Einstein Condensates, is quantum mechanical tunneling. It means that a small fraction of the condensate can overcome a barrier that could not be overcome by a classical particle. A fraction of the condensate “tunnels” through this barrier.

    What are the examples of BEC?

    What state of matter is milk?

    Milk and cream are liquids. If you leave milk or cream out of the fridge overnight or for a few days, its state of matter changes. Solid chunks can form in the milk and cream.

    Is dark matter a state of matter?

    Dark matter is a hypothetical form of matter thought to account for approximately 85% of the matter in the universe.


    Light bosons quantum chromodynamics axions
    weak scale simplified models
    other particles Weakly interacting massive particles
    self-interacting dark matter

    What are 18 states of matter?

    Classical states

    • Solid: A solid holds a definite shape and volume without a container. The particles are held very close to each other.
    • Liquid: A mostly non-compressible fluid. Able to conform to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
    • Gas: A compressible fluid.

    Is color a state of matter?

    Physical properties include the state of matter. We know these states as solid, liquid, or gas. Properties can also include color and odor.

    Which are the 7 states of matter?

    The seven states of matter that I am investigating are Solids, Liquids, Gases, Ionized Plasma, Quark-Gluon Plasma, Bose-Einstein Condensate and Fermionic Condensate. Solid Definition – Chemistry Glossary Definition of Solid.