What is an MMSE of 24 to 30?

How is the MMSE scored? The maximum score for the MMSE is 30. A score of 25 or higher is classed as normal. If the score is below 24, the result is usually considered to be abnormal, indicating possible cognitive impairment.

What is a good MMSE score?

During the MMSE, a health professional asks a patient a series of questions designed to test a range of everyday mental skills. The maximum MMSE score is 30 points. A score of 20 to 24 suggests mild dementia, 13 to 20 suggests moderate dementia, and less than 12 indicates severe dementia.

Is the MMSE free to use?

The Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) or Folstein Test is a fast and simple test to quantify cognitive function and loss as occurs in the early stages of Alzheimer’s and other dementias. This free, online version of the standardized MMSE makes it easy to administer, score, receive and save the results.

What does a score of 16 on MMSE mean?

The score of 16 on the MMSE seems to mark a transition point below which disruptions of basic everyday activities begin to emerge within 12 months. At this level, the patient requires partial or total assistance with everyday activities.

What does an MMSE score of 21 mean?

mild dementia

25-30 points: normal cognition. 21-24 points: mild dementia. 10-20 points: moderate dementia. 9 points or lower: severe dementia.

How accurate is the MMSE test?

Based on these results, we would expect 85% of people with dementia to be correctly identified with the MMSE, while 15% would be wrongly classified as not having dementia; 90% of those tested would be correctly identified as not having dementia whilst 10% would be false positives and might be referred for further …

What does a 23 30 on MMSE mean?

The MMSE was developed in 1975 as a global assessment of cognitive status. 4,5. A perfect score is 30 points; a score of 24 is the recommended,4 and most frequently used,2 cutpoint for dementia; a score of 23 or lower indicates dementia.

What does a MMSE score of 27 mean?

25-30 points: normal cognition. 21-24 points: mild dementia. 10-20 points: moderate dementia. 9 points or lower: severe dementia.

What is the cost of MMSE?

Mini-Mental State Examination- Second Edition (MMSE-2)

Item Product Price
32158 Mini-Mental State Examination- Second Ed, Expanded Version $277.00
32157-SB MMSE-2: Standard Version Blue Forms, Pk/25 $48.00
32157-SR MMSE-2: Standard Version Red Forms, Pk/25 $48.00
32157-BB MMSE-2: Brief Version Blue Forms, Pad/25 $22.00

Who can administer the MMSE?

However, an online version of the MMSE / Folstein Test is relatively simple, only takes about 15 minutes to complete and can be administered by a friend or family member without special training. If you choose to do this, be aware that the results should not be considered definitive.

What does a 17 on the MMSE mean?

MMSE scores of 17 or less are generally reported as severe cognitive impairment (Kaasalainen 2007; Chopra et al. 2007, 2008; Shega et al. 2008). Yet, varying cognitive abilities may occur within the population of people who score 17 or less.

What are the limitations of the MMSE?

Disadvantages of the MMSE include difficulty to identify mild cognitive impairment and difficulty in recording changes in cases of severe dementia. Furthermore, age, education, cultural and socioeconomic background can cause a considerable bias in the MMSE’s scores.

What are the 4 levels of cognitive impairment?

Cognitive Severity Stages (Normal Aging – Dementia)

  • No Cognitive Impairment (NCI)
  • Subjective Cognitive Impairment (SCI)
  • Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
  • Dementia.

Is MMSE enough to diagnose dementia?

The MMSE can’t be used alone to diagnose Alzheimer’s or dementia because the majority of questions test only memory and recall. Someone who knows what day it is, what a certain object is, or who can remember a short list of random things could do well on the test.

What is the age range for MMSE?

Age ranged from 20 to 92 years, education from 0 to 28 years and MMSE scores from 15 to 30.

Variable Sample (n=1553)
Categories of education (n,%)
Low 527 (34%)
Medium 430 (28%)
High 598 (38%)

Can a nurse administer MMSE?

As mentioned by others the MMSE is not a diagnostic tool. we usually use MoCA. It can be administered by nurse, any physician.

Is the MMSE reliable?

The MMSE is a quick and easy measure that assesses seven areas of cognitive functioning, and it was shown to have both good test-retest reliability (0.80–0.95) [2–5] and acceptable sensitivity and specificity to detect mild to moderate stages of dementia [2–7].

What is the most common cognitive impairment?

Alzheimer disease is the most well-known condition associated with cognitive impairment. Approximately 5.5 million people are affected by Alzheimer disease in the US, and the worldwide prevalence is estimated to be more than 24 million.

What is the difference between dementia and cognitive impairment?

The main distinctions between mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia are that in the latter, more than one cognitive domain is involved and substantial interference with daily life is evident. The diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia is based mainly on the history and cognitive examination.

What are the 5 early signs of dementia?

Common early symptoms of dementia

  • memory loss.
  • difficulty concentrating.
  • finding it hard to carry out familiar daily tasks, such as getting confused over the correct change when shopping.
  • struggling to follow a conversation or find the right word.
  • being confused about time and place.
  • mood changes.

How accurate is the mini mental status exam?

With a cut-off point of 23/24, the MMSE had a sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 92%, and positive predictive value (PPV) of 69%. Age, sex, and education did not substantially affect the specificity and the PPV, but had a slight effect on the sensitivity.

Can the MMSE be used on children?

The MMSE is a suitable instrument for screening higher mental function in children at the age of 4 years and above and can be readily incorporated into the routine neurologic examination of children.

Who can perform an MMSE?

Many memory clinics and neurologists administer both tests as well as a host of others. More pressed for time, an internist or a primary care physician would likely conduct only one—probably the MMSE—which would be periodically repeated to test for potential decline.

Who can give a MMSE?

However, an online version of the MMSE / Folstein Test is relatively simple, only takes about 15 minutes to complete and can be administered by a friend or family member without special training.

How many versions of the MMSE are there?

Moreover, unlike the MMSE, there are three different versions of the MMSE-2: the MMSE-2: Brief Version (MMSE-2:BV), which is a shortened version of the MMSE; the MMSE-2: Standard Version (MMSE-2:SV), which is equivalent to the MMSE; and the MMSE-2: Expanded version (MMSE-2:EV), which is slightly longer than the MMSE.