What is an IEEE reference?

“IEEE” stands for The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE style is a numbered referencing style that uses citation numbers in the text of the paper, provided in square brackets. A full corresponding reference is listed at the end of the paper, next to the respective citation number.

How do I reference in IEEE format?

The following formatting rules apply:

  1. List references sequentially.
  2. Use citation numerals in brackets before each reference.
  3. Place numbered brackets flush left.
  4. Use single spaces within references and double spaces between them.
  5. Indent the reference text.

How do you reference an IEEE appendices?

The author may use Roman numerals as heading numbers (Appendix I) or letters (Appendix A). The Appendix heading is not preceded by a Roman numeral. If there is only one Appendix in the paper, the Appendix heading is unnumbered and unnamed.

How do I reference a PDF IEEE?

Note: If the e-book is a direct equivalent of a print book e.g. in PDF format, you can reference it as a normal print book. [Ref number] Author’s initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of article,” Title of journal abbreviated in Italics, vol. number, issue number, page numbers, Abbreviated Month Year.

How do you cite yourself from IEEE?

In the text you can refer to yourself (e.g. “In my work…”).

  1. Works Cited General Format. Author Last name, Author First Name. “Title of Your Paper: Subtitle of Your Paper.” Date.
  2. Works Cited Example. Lee, Cody. “My Student Paper: Why I Like This Subject a Lot.” 9 Sept.
  3. In-Text Citation Example. (Lee 12)

How do I cite a website using IEEE?

To write an IEEE reference for a website or webpage, include the name of the author, the page title, the name of the website, the URL, and the date when you accessed it. The access date is included in case the page is changed or removed in the future.

How do I write IEEE references in Word?

Add citations to your document

  1. Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite, and then on the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Insert Citations.
  2. From the list of citations under Insert Citation, select the citation you want to use.

How is an IEEE reference list sorted?

At the end of the paper provide full details of all references cited in-text. The reference list should be arranged in the order of appearance of the in-text citations, not in an alphabetical order, beginning with [1], and continuing in an ascending numerical order, from the lowest number to the highest.

Where is IEEE appendix?

Appendix headings in the IEEE style should be arranged under a separate system, but formatted like primary headings, and are labelled Appendix if there’s only one appendix. If there is more than one appendix, it should be numbered and titled, differently from the numbering system of the section headings.

How do you reference?

List of References

  1. author(s) name and initials.
  2. title of the article (between single quotation marks)
  3. title of the journal (in italics)
  4. available publication information (volume number, issue number)
  5. accessed day month year (the date you last viewed the article)
  6. URL or Internet address (between pointed brackets).

How do I add IEEE reference style to Word?

To do this, first insert a citation by going to the references tab and changing the style to IEEE, then going to insert citation/add new source. Choose the document type, then fill out all the applicable information for your source, and hit OK. ← This will automatically add an in-text citation to your text.

Can I cite myself as a source?

You can cite yourself just as you would cite any other source: simply follow the directions for that source type in the citation style you are using. Keep in mind that reusing your previous work can be considered self-plagiarism, so make sure you ask your professor or consult your university’s handbook before doing so.

How do I reference my own work?

Who uses IEEE citation?

IEEE citation style is used primarily for electronics, engineering, telecommunications, computer science, and information technology reports. The three main parts of a reference are as follows: • Author’s name listed as first initial of first name, then full last.

Can you directly quote in IEEE?

How to use quotes in IEEE. Direct quotes are used to support an argument showing the exact words and phrases of an author according to the original source. Enclose quotes in single quotation marks and provide the citation in square brackets after the quotation or after the author’s name along with the page number(s).

What is IEEE template?

IEEE article templates let you quickly format your article and prepare a draft for peer review. Templates help with the placement of specific elements, such as the author list. They also provide guidance on stylistic elements such as abbreviations and acronyms.

How do you write references?


  1. author (if available)
  2. year of publication.
  3. article title (between single quotation marks)
  4. newspaper title (in italics)
  5. date of article (day, month, page number—if given—and any additional information available)
  6. accessed day month year (the date you accessed the items)
  7. from name of database.

Why is IEEE used?

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is a widely accepted format for writing research papers, commonly used in technical fields, particularly in computer science.

Is appendix and reference the same?

The Appendix or if there are more than one, Appendices, appear at the end of the document after the list of references. They include material which is too detailed to include in the main body of the report.

What is reference with example?

The definition of a reference is someone who will give a recommendation for a position on behalf of another. An example of reference is a professor who will write a letter recommending a student for an internship.

Why do we reference?

Referencing correctly: helps you to avoid plagiarism by making it clear which ideas are your own and which are someone else’s. shows your understanding of the topic. gives supporting evidence for your ideas, arguments and opinions.

How do I find my reference style?

Choosing a reference style

Check with your lecturer or supervisor about which style you should use for your documents. Near the top of the EndNote window is a drop-down menu of styles which is initially set to ANNOTATED. Click on the arrow and then click on SELECT ANOTHER STYLE. The CHOOSE A STYLE window will open.

Can I copy a paragraph and cite it?

Anytime you copy and paste verbatim from a source and do not give the source credit it is plagiarism. If you do copy and paste a passage word for word, you must put the information in quotations (i.e. ” “) marks and give credit to the author.

Can you cite personal experience?

Unfortunately, personal experience is not something you can cite in an academic paper. First, let’s think about this question in terms of the purpose of the reference list, which is retrievability of the source for the reader. With personal experience, there is nothing for the reader to retrieve—ergo, no citation.

Is it OK to cite yourself?