What does a molar pregnancy scan look like?

Molar pregnancies can show a characteristic ‘snowstorm appearance’ on the scan. There will also be no foetal tissue or only partial tissue. If your blood tests or ultrasound show a molar pregnancy, your midwife or doctor will tell you. This can be a shock and can be very upsetting.

Can you detect a molar pregnancy at 5 weeks?

It may only be diagnosed during a routine ultrasound scan at 8-14 weeks or during tests are done after a miscarriage. Some women with a molar pregnancy have: vaginal bleeding or a dark discharge from the vagina in early pregnancy (usually in the first trimester) – this may contain small, grape-like lumps.

Can you see molar pregnancy on ultrasound?

An ultrasound of a complete molar pregnancy — which can be detected as early as eight or nine weeks of pregnancy — may show: No embryo or fetus. No amniotic fluid. A thick cystic placenta nearly filling the uterus.

Can you see a molar pregnancy at 8 weeks?

An ultrasound can detect a complete molar pregnancy as early as eight or nine weeks of pregnancy. The ultrasound may show these signs of a complete molar pregnancy: No embryo or fetus. No amniotic fluid.

How serious is a molar pregnancy?

If not treated, a molar pregnancy can be dangerous to the woman. It sometimes can cause a rare form of cancer. A molar pregnancy is a kind of gestational trophoblastic disease (also called GTD). This is a group of conditions that cause tumors to grow in the uterus.

How do they remove a molar pregnancy?

If an ultrasound scan or blood test shows that you have a molar pregnancy you usually have an operation called suction dilatation and curettage (D and C). The operation removes the molar tissue from the womb.

Who is at risk for molar pregnancy?

A molar pregnancy is more likely in women older than age 35 or younger than age 20. Previous molar pregnancy. If you’ve had one molar pregnancy, you’re more likely to have another. A repeat molar pregnancy happens, on average, in 1 out of every 100 women.

Do you always bleed with a molar pregnancy?

The overgrown placenta tends to produce massive amounts of the pregnancy hormone hCG (human Chorionic Gonadotrophin). Most of the symptoms of a molar pregnancy are caused by these high hormone levels. A molar pregnancy will probably bleed and the womb will seem bigger than it should be.

What are the hCG levels for a molar pregnancy?

Quantitative beta-hCG levels: hCG levels greater than 100,000 mIU/mL indicate exuberant trophoblastic growth and raise suspicion for a molar pregnancy.

Can you naturally miscarry a molar pregnancy?

Treatment for a molar pregnancy

A molar pregnancy will not be able to survive. It may end on its own, with a miscarriage. If this does not happen, it’s usually treated with a procedure to remove the pregnancy.

What is the main cause of molar pregnancy?

A molar pregnancy is caused by an abnormally fertilized egg. Human cells normally contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome in each pair comes from the father, the other from the mother.

Can a baby survive a molar pregnancy?

A molar pregnancy is when there’s a problem with a fertilised egg, which means a baby and a placenta do not develop the way they should after conception. A molar pregnancy will not be able to survive. It happens by chance and is very rare.

Is molar pregnancy a miscarriage?

A molar pregnancy is an uncommon type of pregnancy loss where a baby does not develop. If you have a molar pregnancy, it wasn’t caused by anything you did or didn’t do. A pregnancy starts with the sperm fertilising an egg.

What is the most common symptom of molar pregnancy?

A molar pregnancy may seem like a normal pregnancy at first, but most molar pregnancies cause specific signs and symptoms, including: Dark brown to bright red vaginal bleeding during the first trimester. Severe nausea and vomiting. Sometimes vaginal passage of grapelike cysts.

How urgent is a molar pregnancy?

If promptly treated, molar pregnancies are curable in 100 per cent of cases. If a molar pregnancy is untreated or is not evacuated completely, a serious condition known as gestational trophoblastic neoplasia can develop. Molar pregnancy can persist (known as persistent GTD), so regular check-ups are needed.

When do molar pregnancy symptoms start?

Some women pass pieces of the molar tissue, which can look a bit like small bunches of grapes. Bleeding caused by a molar pregnancy usually begins between weeks 6 and 12 of pregnancy.

Is there a heartbeat with molar pregnancy?

Most molar pregnancies are diagnosed in the first trimester. This condition may be discovered when a heartbeat does not become detectable by 12 weeks, but this can also be true of missed miscarriages.

Are all molar pregnancies cancerous?

A molar pregnancy contains many cysts (sacs of fluid). It is usually benign (not cancer) but it may spread to nearby tissues (invasive mole). It may also become a malignant tumor called choriocarcinoma. Molar pregnancy is the most common type of gestational trophoblastic tumor.

What increases your risk of molar pregnancy?

Some studies have linked low levels of carotene and vitamin A in a person’s diet with a higher risk of molar pregnancy. Blood type. Specific blood types—A and AB—may slightly increase the risk of GTD.

How long can molar pregnancy last?

At most, the fetus might survive for around three months. In a molar pregnancy, you will have all the usual signs of pregnancy (like morning sickness or sore breasts) because the placenta continues to make the pregnancy hormone hCG.

Do all molar pregnancies need chemo?

About 1 in 5 women will need chemo after a molar pregnancy. This can be either persistent gestational trophoblastic disease (where the HCG level hasn’t dropped to normal after treatment of a molar pregnancy) or a choriocarcinoma or placental site trophoblastic tumor that was found in the curettage specimen.