What are German adjective endings?
It’s also the simplest one – there are only two endings: -e and –en. The German adjective ending -e is used in the nominative singular (all genders) and accusative singular (feminine and neuter). The -en ending is used everywhere else. (Notice that all plural forms take -en.)
How do you know if its EIN or einen?
Ein is used for masculine and neuter nouns. “One man” is masculine so it would be ein Mann, while “one house” is neuter so it would be ein Haus. Eine is used for feminine nouns. Eine Frau, for example, would be “one woman.” The indefinite article changes according to the case of the noun.
What gender is einen?
How many adjective endings are there in German?
Strong, Weak, And Mixed Adjective Endings. In addition to figuring out the gender, number, and case of a noun, you’ll also have to know whether the ending is strong, weak, or mixed. I know these facts might sound intimidating. But remember, there are only five possible endings altogether: -e, -er, -es, -en, and -em.
How do German adjective endings work?
A German adjective will change its ending depending on the following factors: Whether the gender of the noun that follows the adjective is masculine, feminine or neutral. Whether the noun is plural or singular. Whether the article is definite, indefinite or not used.
What are strong and weak endings German?
Strong endings are used for the indefinite article (a/an) and when there is no determiner present, except masc. and neut. genitive, which use the weak ending -en when there is no determiner present.
Is einen neutered?
The indefinite article (“a” or “an” in English) is ein or eine in German. Ein basically means “one” and like the definite article, it indicates the gender of the noun it goes with (eine or ein). For a feminine noun, only eine can be used (in the nominative case). For masculine or neuter nouns, only ein is correct.
Why is it einen and not Ein?
Masculine nouns in the nominative take ein, while they take einen in the accusative. The indefinite articles for feminine and neuter nouns don’t change, making them one less thing you have to worry about once you’ve determined they’re in either the nominative or accusative cases.
What gender is Schuhe?
When a noun is given out of context (as in a vocabulary list), these are usually distinguished by including the nominative article: der (masculine), die (feminine) or das (neuter).
Gender & Plurals.
|(with umlaut)||der Mantel (coat)||die Mäntel|
|added E||der Schuh (shoe)||die Schuhe|
|(with umlaut)||die Wurst (sausage)||die Würste|
Why is Madchen neuter in German?
As for girls, the word Mädchen is still neuter for two reasons, a) because it ends in ‘chen’, b) because nouns ending in ‘chen’ don’t change in the plural. By saying das Mädchen, we know it’s one girl, whereas die Mädchen is more than one.
What is the difference between accusative and nominative?
Nominative: The naming case; used for subjects. Genitive: The possession case; used to indicate ownership. Accusative: The direct object case; used to indicate direct receivers of an action.
Which endings are often found on adjectives?
Typical adjective endings include:
- -able/-ible understandable, capable, readable, incredible.
- -al mathematical, functional, influential, chemical.
- -ful beautiful, bashful, helpful, harmful.
- -ic artistic, manic, rustic, terrific.
- -ive submissive, intuitive, inventive, attractive.
What is an example of an adjective ending?
Typical adjective endings
-al mathematical, functional, influential, chemical. -ful beautiful, bashful, helpful, harmful. -ic artistic, manic, rustic, terrific.
How do you know if a verb is strong or weak in German?
Regular verbs use the ending -t in the past participle and the endings -te, -test, -te, -ten, -tet, -ten for the simple past, whereas strong verbs take the ending -en for the past participle and have no endings in the first (ich) and third (er, sie, es) person singular in the simple past.
Does Germany use genders?
The answer: all German nouns have gender.
Everything from bee to bird to table and chair is either a masculine, feminine, or neuter noun. Going from English as a genderless language to German as a language with three genders is no easy task!
What does AUS means in German?
“aus” is German for “out”. But it’s not that simple because like “out” it can be used for a variety of ideas. We’ll look at all of them with plenty of examples. Vocab: aus, raus, ausgehen, ausfallen, aussehen, ausziehen, ausstellen,…,…
Where do we use ein and eine in German?
What does Schuh mean?
Schuh is German for shoe. In external marketing, the company pronounces the word like the English word “shoe”.
What is the plural of Der Schuh?
The normal plural is Schuhe. The unchanged form Schuh is common in the vernacular, chiefly in the southern half of the language area, but in compounds also in the north.
What is a German girl called?
German Translation. Mädchen. More German words for girl. das Mädchen noun. maiden, female, lass, girlie.
What gender is wochenende?
Translation of “weekend” in German
|1 translation entry available|
How do you tell if a sentence is nominative or accusative in German?
The nominative case is used for sentence subjects. The subject is the person or thing that does the action. For example, in the sentence, “the girl kicks the ball”, “the girl” is the subject. The accusative case is for direct objects.
- the dog: der Hund.
- the cat: die Katze.
- the horse: das Pferd.
How do you know if a word is accusative?
In the grammar of some languages, the accusative, or the accusative case, is the case used for a noun when it is the direct object of a verb, or the object of some prepositions. In English, only the pronouns `me,’ `him,’ `her,’ `us,’ and `them’ are in the accusative.
What are the 10 types of adjectives?
The 10 types of adjectives are as follows:
- Adjective of Quality.
- Adjective of Quantity.
- Adjective of Number.
- Demonstrative Adjective.
- Distributive Adjective.
- Interrogative Adjective.
- Possessive Adjective.
- Emphasizing Adjective.
How do you explain ing ending?
A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. These two forms look identical. The difference is in their functions in a sentence.
- He is painting.
- She was waiting.
- They will be coming.
- We would be staying.
- I would have been leaving.
How do you form adjectives in German?
The comparative (der Komparativ) compares two people, places or things. To form the comparative in German, we add -er to the basic form of the adjective. Unlike English, all German adjectives are formed with -er and never with mehr.
Are adjectives inflected in German?
German adjectives come before the noun, as in English, and are usually not capitalized. However, as in French and other Indo-European languages, they are inflected when they come before a noun. (But, unlike in French, they are not inflected when used as predicative adjectives.)
Do German adjectives have gender?
As we already know, German nouns can be masculine, feminine, or neuter. They can also be singular or plural. So, since the adjective describes the noun, the adjective has to fit all of these categories. German adjectives must always agree in quantity and gender with the nouns they modify.
Where do adjectives go in German?
As in English, German adjectives come BEFORE the noun they describe, but AFTER the verb in the sentence, unless the noun is the subject of the sentence. The only time the adjective does not agree with the word it describes is when it comes AFTER the verb.
What are strong adjectives in German?
There are both strong and weak forms of adjectives. Strong forms are used with indefinite articles (“a/an” in English) or when there is no determiner. Strong endings are mostly identical with the definite article, minus the “d-.” In some cases, they use the last two letters and in others the final single letter.
What is the Komparativ in German?
Positiv: The positive is the basic form of the adjective. It describes characteristics of people or things, e.g. schnell, warm, gut. Komparativ: The comparative is the form of the adjective used to express a difference, e.g. schneller, wärmer, besser.
Do adjectives decline in German?
Only adjectives that come before nouns are declined in German grammar. These are called attributive adjectives. Adjectives that follow a verb (predicative and adverbial adjectives) don’t change.
Are adjectives declined in German?
What is the opposite of gut in German?
German adjectives and opposites to learn
What is plusquamperfekt in German?
The Past Perfect Tense (das Plusquamperfekt) in German:
In German, as in English, the past perfect describes a time previous to another in the past. It is constructed just like the present perfect tense, except that the auxiliary “haben” or “sein” is in its simple past form: “hatte” or “war.”
How do you use mehr in German?
Unlike English, however, German never uses “more” (mehr) with another modifier to form the comparative. In English something may be “more beautiful” or someone could be “more intelligent.” But in German these are both expressed with the -er ending: schöner and intelligenter.
Does German have declinations?
In German, you have to add an ending to an adjective if it comes before a noun. This is known as “declination”. The ending is determined by the gender, the kind of article used (der, ein, etc.) and the case (nominative, accusative, dative or genitive).
How do you Nominalize adjectives in German?
An adjective is turned into a noun by adding an article (and of course capitalizing). The gender depends on the gender of the underlying thing: der Schöne (male person) die Schöne (female person)
What is the German word of OK?
Es ist ok
How to say ‘I’m okay’ in German. If someone asks how you are doing, you would basically reply that you’re doing well. In German, this would be ‘Mir gehts es gut’, or ‘Ich bin ok’. If it’s something they are asking about and you want to say that it’s ok, then you say ‘Es ist ok’.
What is Gegenteil German?
contrary, contradictory the opposite, contrary, reverse. (the) opposite, (the) contrary, (the) reverse. Gegenteil Gegenteiliges.
What is Präteritum in German?
The Simple Past Tense (das Präteritum, das Imperfekt) in German: In German, as in English, the simple past differs from the present perfect, in that it describes past events that are interrelated within a time frame that is separate from the present. Hence it is typically used in narratives.
What is Perfekt German?
The perfect tense, also called present perfect (Perfekt), is a past tense. We use it to speak about actions completed in the recent past. In spoken German, the present perfect tense is often used instead of the past tense.
What is the superlative of Aller?
Intensifying prefix for superlatives: very; of them all quotations ▼ aller- + erste (“first”) → allererste (“very first”) aller- + größte Stadt (“the biggest city”) → allergrößte Stadt (“the very biggest city / the biggest city of them all”) aller- + meist (“most”) → allermeist (“almost all”) aller- + …
Why does German have ß?
ß does not exist everywhere that German is spoken—the Swiss dropped it years ago. But its purpose is to help readers figure out pronunciation: A ß signals that the preceding vowel is pronounced long, instead of short, and that you should make an “ss,” not “z,” sound. It’s also written to signify “ss” after a diphthong.
What gender is eltern?
|masculine (m)||der Vater/ ein Vater||den Vater/ einen Vater|
|feminine (f)||die Mutter/ eine Mutter||die Mutter/ eine Mutter|
|neuter (n)||das Kind/ ein Kind||das Kind/ ein Kind|
|plural||die Eltern/ Eltern||die Eltern/ Eltern|
What is Nominalization German?
German nominalizations are either derived nominals, or infinitival nominals. The latter are available for all verbs, and are formed completely regularly: these nominals do not differ in form from the infinitive of their underlying verb.
What is adjective in German grammar?
As in English, German adjectives come BEFORE the noun they describe, but AFTER the verb in the sentence, unless the noun is the subject of the sentence. The only time the adjective does not agree with the word it describes is when it comes AFTER the verb. eine schwarze Katze a black catDas Buch ist neu.
Why do Germans say genau?
Genau – Exactly.
It’s an agreeable word and it’s one that I hear at least 100 times on a daily basis. For example: Do you want to go sit on the river? Answer: Ja, Genau. (Yes, exactly.)