What are examples of essential drugs?


  • 1 Anaesthetics, preoperative medicines and medical gases.
  • 2 Medicines for pain and palliative care.
  • 3 Antiallergics and medicines used in anaphylaxis.
  • 4 Antidotes and other substances used in poisonings.
  • 5 Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics.
  • 6 Anti-infective medicines.
  • 7 Antimigraine medicines.

How many medicines have been included in national list of essential medicines?

This was stated by Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare as he launched National Lists of Essential Medicines (NLEM) 2022, here today. 384 drugs have been included in this list with addition of 34 drugs, while 26 from the previous list have been dropped.

What are essential drugs in public health?

Essential medicines are those that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population. They can save lives, reduce suffering and improve health. They are selected based on disease prevalence and public health relevance, evidence of clinical efficacy and safety, and comparative costs and cost-effectiveness.

WHO releases national list of essential medicines?

Union health minister Mansukh Mandaviya released the National List of Essential Medicines 2022, with 384 medicines.

What are the 10 most common medicine?

10 Commonly Prescribed Medicines from Around the World

  • Hydrocodone. Hydrocodone was first patented in 1923, with the long-acting formulation being approved in 2013.
  • Metformin.
  • Losartan.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Albuterol.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Gabapentin.
  • Omeprazole.

How many essential drugs are there in India?

For essentiality of requirement the medicines have been categorized as follows: – P, S and T denote essentiality at Primary, Secondary and Tertiary levels respectively while P, S, T (U in NLEM 2003) indicates essentiality at all the levels. A total of 348 medicines (excluding repetitions) are present in NLEM 2011.

What are the 4 categories of medicine?

Generally speaking, there are only four different types of medications that you would come across.

These are:

  • General Sales List.
  • Pharmacy Medicines.
  • Prescription Only Medicines.
  • Controlled Drugs.

Why are essential drugs important?

The idea behind the lists was, and remains, that the use of a limited number of proven, essential medicines leads to better health care, improved supply, lower costs, and broader and more equitable access to products. Some 30 years later, national essential medicines lists are in place in most WHO member states.

What are 50 drugs?

50 most prescribed drugs of 2021*

  • Amoxicillin (Amoxil)
  • Vitamin D (Drisdol)
  • Ibuprofen (Motrin)
  • Levothyroxine (Synthroid)
  • Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
  • Amlodipine (Norvasc)
  • Prednisone (Deltasone)
  • Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Adderall XR)

What is the number 1 prescribed drug?

The Top 300 Drugs of 2020

Rank Drug Name Total Prescriptions (2020)
1 Atorvastatin 114,509,814
2 Levothyroxine 98,970,640
3 Metformin 92,591,486
4 Lisinopril 88,597,017

What are the OTC drugs in India?

The DTAB has approved a list of OTC drugs which includes medicines like antifungal infections, analgesics (pain killers), cough syrups, decongestants, laxatives, antiseptics and medicines for gum infections.

What are the 7 types of drugs?

DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: central nervous system (CNS) depressants, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, narcotic analgesics, inhalants, and cannabis.

What are the 3 main drugs?

Drug categories

  • depressants – slow down the function of the central nervous system.
  • hallucinogens – affect your senses and change the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things.
  • stimulants – speed up the function of the central nervous system.

What is national drug policy?

In the context of WHO’ s Action Programme on Essential Drugs, “national drug policy” refers to a national pharmaceutical policy concerning the marketing, availability, and therapeutic use of medicines. WHO recommends that every country should have such a policy, formulated in the context of a national health policy.

What are the top 10 medications?

Learn more about the top 10 drugs of 2021 below.

  • Ibuprofen.
  • Levothyroxine.
  • Lisinopril.
  • Amlodipine. Brand name: Norvasc.
  • Prednisone. Brand name: Deltasone.
  • Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine. Brand name: Adderall, Adderall XR.
  • Albuterol sulfate HFA. Brand name: Ventolin HFA, Proair HFA, Proventil HFA.
  • Alprazolam. Brand name: Xanax.

What are the top 10 most common drugs?

Top 10 Most Commonly Abused Drugs and Their Effects

  • Tobacco. In 2012, an estimated 69.5 million Americans over age 12 were current users of a tobacco product.
  • Marijuana.
  • Prescription Drugs.
  • Benzos.
  • Cocaine.
  • Stimulants.
  • Hallucinogen Drugs.
  • Heroin.

What are 3 OTC drugs?

Popular examples include pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan (Robitussin) and antihistamines like loratadine (Claritin 24H).

What are 3 examples of OTC drugs?

Examples of over-the-counter medicines are acetaminophen, aspirin, antacids, decongestants, antihistamines, and laxatives.

What are the 4 main drugs?

Grouping Drugs Based on Effect

  • Opioids.
  • Stimulants.
  • Depressants.
  • Hallucinogens.

What are the 7 categories of drugs?

What are the 6 classification of drugs?

The 6 Classifications of Drugs. When considering only their chemical makeup, there are six main classifications of drugs: alcohol, opioids, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, barbiturates, and hallucinogens.

What are the objectives of essential drugs?

The objectives of WHO’s essential medicines and pharmaceutical policies programme are to save lives and improve health by ensuring the quality, efficacy, safety and rational use of medicines, including traditional medicines.

What is essential medicine concept?

Essential medicines are those that satisfy the priority health care needs of a population. They are selected with due regard to disease prevalence and public health relevance, evidence of efficacy and safety and comparative cost-effectiveness.

What are the top 5 prescription drugs?

What are the Most Prescribed Drugs in America?

Drug Name Total U.S. Patients (2019) Brand Name
Atorvastatin 24,493,971 Lipitor
Amoxicillin 20,368,921 Amoxil, Trimox
Lisinopril 19,990,170 Prinivil, Zestril
Levothyroxine 19,698,087 Synthroid, Levoxyl

What are the 5 main drugs?

Here are the five main categories and some information about each:

  • Central nervous system depressants.
  • Central nervous system stimulants.
  • Opiates and Opiodes.
  • Hallucinogens.
  • Marijuana.