How do you type a superscript in R?
Superscript is “started” by the caret ^ character. Anything after ^ is superscript. The superscript continues until you use a * or ~ character. If you want more text as superscript, then enclose it in quotes.
What is a subscript in R?
R doesn’t actually have scalar types; everything is a vector, so subscripts are vectors. In the expression x , the subscript is a vector containing a single element equal to 2. But you could use the vector (2, 3) as a subscript of x , and you’d get (1, 4).
How do you write a superscript in ggplot2?
To add superscript as a title add bquote function with value inside ggtitle().
- Syntax : ggtitle(“Title for Plot”)
- Parameter :
- Return : Title to plot.
How do you use YLAB and XLAB in R?
To set labels for X and Y axes in R plot, call plot() function and along with the data to be plot, pass required string values for the X and Y axes labels to the “xlab” and “ylab” parameters respectively. By default X-axis label is set to “x”, and Y-axis label is set to “y”.
How do you do superscript?
To make text appear slightly above (superscript) or below (subscript) your regular text, you can use keyboard shortcuts. Select the character that you want to format. For superscript, press Ctrl, Shift, and the Plus sign (+) at the same time. For subscript, press Ctrl and the Equal sign (=) at the same time.
What does superscript R mean?
The R symbol indicates that this word, phrase, or logo is a registered trademark for the product or service. It must only be used in the case of registered trademarks and by the owner or licensee. It also must only be used in the regions in which you possess a valid trademark registration.
What is Bquote R?
bquote() function in R Language is used to quote the arguments passed to it, except the values which are wrapped in ‘. ()’. It evaluates the wrapped values and quotes the result. Syntax: bquote(expr)
How do I change the legend text in Ggplot?
You can use the following syntax to change the legend labels in ggplot2: p + scale_fill_discrete(labels=c(‘label1’, ‘label2’, ‘label3’.))
How do I center Ggtitle?
The default ggplot title alignment is not centered. It is on the left. It’s possible to put the title in the middle of the chart by specifying the argument hjust = 0.5 in the function element_text() : p + theme(plot. title = element_text(hjust = 0.5)) .
What is the purpose of using XLAB and YLAB argument in plot () function?
The argument main= specifies the overall title for a plot, while xlab= and ylab= specify labels for the x and y axis.
What is PCH in R?
Plot character or pch is the standard argument to set the character that will be plotted in a number of R functions. Explanatory text can be added to a plot in several different forms, including axis labels, titles, legends, or a text added to the plot itself.
Is superscript a Font style?
Superscript is not related to the font style. It is a letter, character number or symbol that is set slightly for the normal line of type. It is generally smaller than the body of the text and detailed occurs at the baseline.
How do you type to the raised power on a keyboard?
How to type exponents
- Place your cursor where you want an exponent. For example, if you want to place an exponent after the number 10 in a document, place your cursor directly after the 10 with no space.
- Type Alt+0185 for the exponent 1.
- Type Alt+0178 for the exponent 2.
- Type Alt+0179 for the exponent 3.
What is the little R symbol?
The registered trademark symbol, ®, is a typographic symbol that provides notice that the preceding word or symbol is a trademark or service mark that has been registered with a national trademark office.
How do I type the R symbol?
To insert the trademark symbol, press Ctrl+Alt+T. To insert the registered trademark symbol, press Ctrl+Alt+R.
How do you write an expression in R?
Create an Expression in R Programming – expression() Function. expression() function in R Language is used to create an expression from the values passed as argument. It creates an object of the expression class.
How do I customize legend in R?
Key R functions to change ggplot legends:
- p + labs(). Change legend title.
- p + theme(…). Change legend theme: background color, legend box border, font size and color.
- p + scale_x_discrete(limits = c(“2”, “0.5”, “1”)).
- p + scale_fill_discrete(name = “Dose”, labels = c(“A”, “B”, “C”)).
How do you change the legend in R?
In order to change the legend size in R you can make use of the cex argument. Values bigger than 1 will lead to a bigger legend and smaller to smaller legends than the default.
How do I change Ggtitle position?
However, you can use the following methods to change the title position:
- Method 1: Center the Title some_ggplot + theme(plot. title = element_text(hjust = 0.5))
- Method 2: Right-Align the Title some_ggplot + theme(plot. title = element_text(hjust = 1))
- Method 3: Adjust Title Position Vertically some_ggplot + theme(plot.
How do you center a title on a graph in R?
How to Center ggplot Titles R – YouTube
What does YAXT mean in R?
What does YAXT mean in R? yaxt=“n” tells R to ‘remove’ the y-axis for the moment. xaxt=“n” does the same thing but for the x-axis. This gets the plot prepared for the next 2 lines of code. Now we tell R what we want to put back on those axes using the axis() function.25-Jul-2019.
What does XAXT do in R?
Setting xaxt = ‘n’ will suppress the plotting of the x axis, allowing you to create your own (see below).
What does Lty mean in R?
The different line types
line type (lty) can be specified using either text (“blank”, “solid”, “dashed”, “dotted”, “dotdash”, “longdash”, “twodash”) or number (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).
What is PCH and Cex in R?
pch : numeric values (from 0 to 25) or character symbols (“+”, “.”, “;”, etc) specifying the point symbols (or shapes). cex : numeric values indicating the point size. col : color name for points.
How do you type a superscript?
To make text appear slightly above (superscript) or below (subscript) your regular text, you can use keyboard shortcuts.
- Select the character that you want to format.
- For superscript, press Ctrl, Shift, and the Plus sign (+) at the same time. For subscript, press Ctrl and the Equal sign (=) at the same time.