Who funds the war graves commission?

The CWGC’s work is funded predominantly by grants from the governments of the six member states. In the fiscal year 2020/21, these grants amounted to £66.1 million of the organisation’s £74.5 million of income. This equates to an approximate cost of Can$85 per commemorated war dead.

How do you qualify for a Commonwealth war grave?

Who qualified for a Commonwealth War Grave? Men and women of the Commonwealth military or auxiliary forces who lost their lives during the official dates of the World War One (4 August 1914 to 31 August 1921) and World War Two (3 September 1939 to 31 December 1947) are war casualties.

Who maintains war graves?


The CWGC is now a truly global organisation – working to care for war graves at 23,000 locations in more than 150 countries and territories. We commemorate almost 1.7 million individuals.

Who cleans war graves?

The CWGC are responsible for the upkeep maintenance of the War Memorial, with volunteers and Abney Park Trust staff sweeping it every two weeks. The 154 Commonwealth War graves onsite are maintained by Abney Park Trust, under direction from the CWGC.

Why are there war graves in the UK?

In very broad terms, a casualty may be commemorated in the United Kingdom for the following reasons: They died of sickness or disease in a military hospital after being repatriated for treatment. They died due to training or other accidents whilst in service. As a result of enemy action over the UK, such as air raids.

Why are some war graves close together?

After the war, except for a few cases in which some cemeteries were concentrated into one, the war cemeteries were made permanent. This explains why there are such a large number of British cemeteries and their close proximity to one another. The British chose this solution as a mark of respect to the soldiers’ bodies.

How do you get a military plaque on a grave?

General Information. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) furnishes upon request, at no charge to the applicant, a Government headstone or marker for the unmarked grave of any deceased eligible Veteran in any cemetery around the world, regardless of their date of death.

What is the largest war cemetery?

Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia USA, is the largest military cemetery in the world, with more than 400,000 military veterans and other eligible burials.

What are war grave headstones made of?

Portland Stone
Most Commonwealth War Grave headstones are made of Portland Stone. This is a soft stone and mainly white in colour however, on occasion the Commission have used a red Portland stone, which, in my humble opinion, is not as nice.

Why are German war graves black?

A more practical analysis suggests that the dark colour of many of the crosses in German military cemeteries corresponds to the need to protect the original wooden crosses with tar-based paints.

Are there any German war graves in the UK?

There are 118 CWGC cemeteries that contain at least one German war grave of the Second World War. Many of the cemeteries can be found in the UK, where German aircrew of the Luftwaffe died during raids and were subsequently buried.

Why are headstones placed at the feet?

This approach has roots in Christian tradition, where a marker would be set with the head of the deceased to the west while their feet pointed east. The placement of bodies this way meant that those departed will face the rising sun and Jesus upon his resurrection.

What does a rock on a grave mean?

These stones remind them that someone they care for was visited, mourned for, respected, supported and honored by the presence of others who’ve visited their memorial. The Hebrew word for pebble is also a word that means “bond.” By placing a stone on the headstone, it bonds the deceased with the visitors.

What does BSM mean on a military headstone?

BSM is Bronze Star Medal. W/V means “with valour”, ie earned in action. OLC is Oak Leaves Cross, meaning he won it twice. PH is Purple Heart, meaning that he was wounded.

Why do people leave coins on headstones?

A coin left on a headstone lets the deceased soldier’s family know that somebody stopped by to pay their respect. A penny means you visited. A nickel means you and the deceased veteran trained at boot camp together. A dime means you and the deceased veteran served together in some capacity.

Where is the oldest grave in the world?

Taforalt cave in Morocco is possibly the oldest known cemetery in the world. It was the resting place of at least 34 Iberomaurusian individuals, the bulk of which have been dated to 15,100 to 14,000 years ago.

Are soldiers buried in war graves?

Thousands of soldiers were being buried on the battlefields in individual or communal graves by their comrades. They were often buried where they fell in action, or in a burial ground on or near the battlefield.

Why are German War Graves black?

Are there German war graves in Russia?

The German War Graves Commission estimates there are still many thousands of German unmarked war graves throughout Russia and areas of the former Eastern Front but has successfully located and reinterred over 600,000 in German sponsored cemeteries like Sologubovka since the end of the Cold War.

Why are husbands buried on the left?

Some believe this arrangement is no accident. Often, you’ll find husbands are placed on their wife’s right side. One theory is that long ago husbands decided their wives belonged on their left side, the side closest to their heart. Other theories hold this placement is a reflection of a couple’s wedding day.

What is a grave without a body called?

Cenotaph – a grave where the body is not present; a memorial erected as over a grave, but at a place where the body has not been interred. A cenotaph may look exactly like any other grave in terms of marker and inscription.

What does putting pennies on a grave mean?

you visited
A coin left on a headstone lets the deceased soldier’s family know that somebody stopped by to pay their respect. A penny means you visited. A nickel means you and the deceased veteran trained at boot camp together. A dime means you and the deceased veteran served together in some capacity.

What can you not do at a cemetery?

No running, yelling, or rolling around on the ground. This is not a place for childhood games. Don’t let them play on any of the monuments. While it is good to get children used to paying respects at a cemetery, they often don’t fully understand the meaning of everything in the cemetery.

What does ph mean on a gravestone?

Purple Heart
PH – Purple Heart. POWM – Prisoner of War Medal. SM – Soldiers Medal. SS or SSM – Silver Star or Silver Star Medal.

What does Gar mean on a grave?

the Grand Army of the Republic
Grave Markers with F.C.L.
The acronym stands for “Fraternity, Charity & Loyalty” – the three guiding principles of the Grand Army of the Republic. Also known simply as GAR, the Grand Army of the Republic is a fraternal organization of veterans of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War.