What is the technique used in sputum specimen?
|Spontaneous sputum sample||Patient coughs up sputum into a sterile container|
|Sputum Induction||Patient inhales a saline mist which can cause a deep cough|
|Bronchoscopy||Bronchoscope is passed through the mouth or nose directly into the diseased portion of the lung, and sputum or lung tissue is removed|
What is the physical examination of sputum?
Sputum examination is an important aid in the diagnosis of pneumonia: color, amount, consistency, and odor. Mucopurulent sputum is commonly found in bacterial pneumonia or bronchitis.
How many tests are in sputum?
2 tests will be done on your sputum: Smear.
What is normal sputum color?
Clear sputum: Clear sputum is usually normal, although it may be increased in some lung diseases. White or gray sputum: White or grayish tinged sputum can also be normal, but may be present in increased amounts with some lung diseases or precede other color changes associated with other conditions.
What is the best time to collect a sputum sample?
Best time of day to collect sputum is when you first wake. Do not eat, drink or smoke before coughing up sputum from the lungs. Rinse (do not swallow) the mouth with water before sputum is collected to minimize residual food particles, mouthwash, or oral drugs that might contaminate the specimen.
How many types of sputum are there?
The Significance of Different Sputum Types
|Purulent||Thick, yellow/green sputum|
|Serous||Clear, frothy, can be pink|
What bacteria is found in sputum?
The most common pathogens detected with a sputum culture are bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella species.
What is abnormal sputum?
Definition. Abnormal appearance of material expectorated (coughed up) from the respiratory system and that is composed of mucus but may contain other substances such as pus, blood, microorganisms, and fibrin. [
What if the sputum test is negative?
If your test results are normal, or negative, this means no mycobacterial organisms were found. If the test is abnormal, it means the stain is positive for one of the following organisms: M. tuberculosis.
What happens if sputum test is positive?
A sample of sputum is added to a substance that promotes the growth of bacteria. If no bacteria grow, the culture is negative. If bacteria grow, the culture is positive. If TB bacteria grow, then the person has tuberculosis.
Can I drink water before sputum test?
What color is TB sputum?
This staining gives a red effect for TB bacteria and blue color for the background of the sputum sample. The examination of the TB bacteria is still done manually by clinicians to perform manually counting the number of bacteria in each field of view of the microscope.
How long do sputum results take?
Results from a sputum test
Your pathologist will send a report to your doctor as soon as possible. Typically, your doctor will have test results back within a few days. Rapid TB tests can be ready in as little as 24 hours, but results for other lung diseases can take as long as eight weeks.