What is the other race effect quizlet?
other-race effect. the tendency to recall faces of one’s own race more accurately than faces of other races. Also called the cross-race effect and the own-race bias.
What is the halo effect AP Psych?
Explanation: The halo effect is the idea that people tend to overgeneralize one character trait; for example, if someone is handsome, other people might overgeneralize that positive attribute and assume he’s also funny and hardworking.
What is the Stroop Effect AP psychology?
Stroop Effect. psychological difficult of trying to look at something and ignore what it forms. like looking at the color of ink and trying to ignore the word that it forms. Preconscious. level of consciousness that contains information that can sometimes become conscious information but is not always available.
What is the chameleon effect quizlet?
chameleon effect. unconsciously mimicking others’ expressions, postures, and voice tones. conformity. adjusting one’s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
Which social psychology theory best explains why our actions can lead us to change our attitudes?
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes? Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the impact of: role-playing on attitude change.
Where prejudice is a n discrimination is a N?
|40. Prejudice is a(n) _____ while discrimination is a(n)_____.||Attitude, behavior|
|41. The ______ theory on prejudice states that prejudice arises from groups contending for limited resources.||???Intergroup Competition??? (most likley this one) Experiment: Robber’s Cave|
What is halo and horn effect?
The “halo” or “horn” effect is a form of rater bias which occurs when an employee is highly competent or incompetent in one area, and the supervisor rates the employee correspondingly high or low in all areas.
What is the horn effect bias?
The horn effect is a cognitive process in which we immediately ascribe negative attitudes or behaviours to someone based on one aspect of their appearance or character. A common example of this is overweight people, who unfortunately are often stereotyped as being lazy, slovenly or irresponsible.
What is the McGurk effect quizlet?
The McGurk effect is a perceptual phenomenon that demonstrates an interaction between hearing and vision in speech perception. The illusion occurs when the auditory component of one sound is paired with the visual component of another sound, leading to the perception of a third sound.
What is the Stroop effect quizlet?
The Stroop effect is that. people tend to be faster at identifying the font color when the word name and font color are the same and are slower when they are different. The fast, and automatic, processing of the color name of the word interferes with. the reporting of the font color.
Why is the chameleon effect important?
The chameleon effect has been shown to have a positive impact on human social interactions. According to Tanya L. Chartrand and John A. Bargh, two psychologists who were the first to explore the phenomenon, very empathetic people are more likely to imitate others than people who aren’t.
What is the chameleon effect in psychology?
People often mimic each others’ bodily movements spontaneously: This tendency to mimic others automatically has been called the Chameleon Effect (Chartrand and Bargh, 1999). Being a “chameleon” has social consequences.
What are the 3 causes of cognitive dissonance?
Dissonant cognitions are usually caused by a mismatch in beliefs and behaviors. Festinger’s theory identified three primary triggers, or causes, of cognitive dissonance: forced compliance, decision-making, and effort.
What are examples of cognitive dissonance?
Some examples of cognitive dissonance include:
- Smoking: Many people smoke even though they know it is harmful to their health.
- Eating meat: Some people who view themselves as animal lovers eat meat and may feel discomfort when they think about where their meat comes from.
What are the 4 theories of prejudice?
Students will understand and be able to differentiate between the different theoretical perspectives concerned with prejudice, including but not limited to attribution theory, scapegoat hypothesis, authoritarian personality, and power/conflict theories.
What are 5 prejudice examples?
Types of Prejudice
- Gender Identity.
- Sexual discrimination.
- Religious discrimination.
- Linguistic discrimination.
What is horn effect example?
What is the meaning of horn effect?
The horn effect, a type of cognitive bias, happens when you make a snap judgment about someone on the basis of one negative trait. Say you meet your new supervisor, who’s bald, and immediately remember a bald middle school teacher who bullied and mocked you.
What is halo and horn effect with example?
Halo effect: A positive first impression that leads us to treat someone more favourably. Horn effect: A negative first impression that leads us to treat someone less favourably.
What is an example of the halo effect?
Examples of Halo Effect
A common halo effect example is attractiveness, and the tendency to assign positive qualities to an attractive person. For example, you might see a physically beautiful person and assume they are generous, smart, or trustworthy.
What is an example of the McGurk effect?
The McGurk Effect is an auditory-visual illusion that illustrates how perceivers merge information for speech sounds across the senses. For example, when we hear the sound “ba” while seeing the face of a person articulate “ga,” many adults perceive the sound “da,” a third sound which is a blend of the two.
What is the McGurk Effect AP Psych?
What does the Stroop effect tell us?
The Stroop test can be used to measure a person’s selective attention capacity and skills, processing speed, and alongside other tests to evaluate overall executive processing abilities.
What was the aim of the Stroop effect?
The purpose of the Stroop task is to measure interference that occurs in the brain. The initial paradigm has since been adopted in several different ways to measure other forms of interference (such as duration and numerosity, as mentioned earlier).
What is an example of chameleon effect?
Such a “chameleon effect” may manifest itself in different ways. One may notice using the idiosyncratic verbal expressions or speech inflections of a friend. Or one may notice crossing one’s arms while talking with someone else who has his or her arms crossed.