What is the cause of febrile convulsions?
The cause of febrile seizures is unknown, although they’re linked to the start of a high temperature (fever). There may also be a genetic link to febrile seizures, as the chances of having a seizure are increased if a close family member has a history of them.
What are the 4 types of seizures?
These words are used to describe generalized seizures:
- Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.
- Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.
- Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.
- Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body.
What are convulsions?
(kun-VUL-zhun) A condition in which muscles contract and relax quickly and cause uncontrolled shaking of the body. Head injuries, high fevers, some medical disorders, and certain drugs can cause convulsions. They may also occur during seizures caused by epilepsy.
What does Epileptogenesis mean?
According to the new terminology, epileptogenesis refers to the development and extension of tissue capable of generating SRSs, resulting in (1) development of an epileptic condition, and/or (2) progression of the epilepsy after it is established.
What are 3 signs and symptoms of a febrile convulsion?
Symptoms of febrile convulsions
- loss of consciousness (black out)
- twitching or jerking of arms and legs.
- breathing difficulty.
- foaming at the mouth.
- going pale or bluish in skin colour.
- eye rolling, so only the whites of their eyes are visible.
- your child may take 10 to 15 minutes to wake up properly afterwards.
What is the correct treatment for febrile convulsion?
Place your child on his or her side, keeping the face to the side and the lower arm extended under the head, to prevent your child from inhaling vomit if vomiting occurs. If your child had anything in his or her mouth when the seizure began, remove it to prevent choking.
What are 3 common seizure types?
Tonic, Clonic and Tonic-Clonic (Formerly called Grand Mal) Seizures.
What is the most common type of seizure?
Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures — Also known as a convulsion, this is the most common and easily recognized kind of generalized seizure.
What are signs of convulsions?
What are the symptoms of convulsions?
- lack of awareness, loss of consciousness.
- eyes rolling back in the head.
- face that appears red or blue.
- changes to breathing.
- stiffening of the arms, legs, or whole body.
- jerky movements of the arms, legs, body, or head.
- lack of control over movements.
- inability to respond.
What is the difference between seizure and convulsion?
A convulsion is a general term that people use to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions. Some people may use it interchangeably with the word “seizure,” although a seizure refers to an electrical disturbance in the brain. Seizures may cause a person to have convulsions, but this is not always the case.
What is epileptogenesis and epilepsy?
Epileptogenesis is the gradual process by which a typical brain develops epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic condition in which seizures occur. These changes to the brain occasionally cause neurons to fire in an abnormal, hypersynchronous manner, known as a seizure.
Is epilepsy and seizures the same?
Epilepsy vs Seizures
A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.
What is the treatment for febrile convulsions?
Rectal diazepam (Diastat) or nasal midazolam might be prescribed to be used as needed for children who are prone to long febrile seizures. These medications are typically used to treat seizures that last longer than five minutes or if the child has more than one seizure within 24 hours.
What temperature is a febrile seizure?
Febrile seizures are convulsions that occur in a child who is between six months and five years of age and has a temperature greater than 100.4º F (38º C). The majority of febrile seizures occur in children between 12 and 18 months of age. Febrile seizures can be frightening to watch.
Can seizures cause brain damage?
Prolonged seizures are clearly capable of injuring the brain. Isolated, brief seizures are likely to cause negative changes in brain function and possibly loss of specific brain cells.
What are early warning signs of a seizure?
General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Stiffening of the body.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.
What is the best treatment for convulsion?
Seizure first aid
- Carefully roll the person onto one side.
- Place something soft under his or her head.
- Loosen tight neckwear.
- Avoid putting your fingers or other objects in the person’s mouth.
- Don’t try to restrain someone having a seizure.
- Clear away dangerous objects if the person is moving.
What is difference between seizure and convulsion?
The term “seizure” is often used interchangeably with “convulsion.” During convulsions a person has uncontrollable shaking that is rapid and rhythmic, with the muscles contracting and relaxing repeatedly. There are many different types of seizures. Some have mild symptoms without shaking.
Can convulsions cause death?
A convulsion might obstruct a person’s airway, leading to suffocation. Other possibilities center around the heart. Some experts theorize that a heart arrhythmia or cardiac arrest might lead to death in SUDEP. It is possible SUDEP could also occur from a combination of cardiac and breathing factors.
What causes epileptogenesis?
Anything that causes epilepsy causes epileptogenesis, because epileptogenesis is the process of developing epilepsy.
Do febrile seizures cause brain damage?
There is no evidence that short febrile seizures cause brain damage. Large studies have found that even children with prolonged febrile seizures have normal school achievement and perform as well on intellectual tests as their siblings who do not have seizures.
What are the 3 signs and symptoms of a febrile convulsion?
Symptoms of febrile convulsions
loss of consciousness (black out) twitching or jerking of arms and legs. breathing difficulty. foaming at the mouth.
What is the drug of choice for febrile seizures?
In the acute setting, intravenous diazepam and lorazepam are the drugs of choice for aborting seizures or terminating continuous febrile or afebrile seizures10). Diazepam is the fastest-acting benzodiazepine and rapidly crosses biological membranes, including the rectal mucosa and blood-brain barrier.
Do seizures affect memory?
Seizures. Any type of epileptic seizure could potentially affect your memory, either during or after a seizure. If you have lots of seizures, memory problems might happen more often. Some people have generalised seizures that affect all of the brain.
Can seizures cause memory loss?
Because they use the same brain pathways, seizures can disrupt the memory consolidation process by taking over the circuit. This meant that seizures can hijack the memory pathways and cause amnesia.