What is Fosolin used for?

Fosolin 75mg Injection is used for the treatment of epilepsy (seizures). It controls seizures by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

How do you dilute Eptoin?

For administration by intravenous infusion phenytoin injection should be diluted in 50 – 100 ml of normal saline, and the final concentration of phenytoin in the solution should not exceed 10 mg/ml, the infusion mixture should not be refrigerated.

How is Eptoin given?

Phenytoin Injection BP should be injected slowly and directly into a large vein through a large-gauge needle or intravenous catheter. It must be administered slowly. Intravenous administration should not exceed 50 mg/minute in adults.

How do you give phenytoin 100mg IV?

Phenytoin IV administration

Ideally, administer undiluted via a syringe pump through a large gauge needle or IV catheter into a large forearm vein. If dilution is essential, dilute doses <1g in 100ml of sodium chloride 0.9% and doses >1g in 250ml of sodium chloride 0.9%.

How do you administer Fosolin?

IV/IM- Tonic-clonic status epilepticus- As phenytoin Na equivalents (PSE)- Loading dose: 15 mg PSE /kg via IV infusion. Maintenance: Initial: 4-5 mg PSE/kg/day, subsequent doses depend on patient’s response and trough-plasma phenytoin levels. Seizures except status epilepticus- As PSE: Loading dose: 10-15 mg/kg.

What epilepsy means?

Epilepsy, which is sometimes called a seizure disorder, is a disorder of the brain. A person is diagnosed with epilepsy when they have had two or more seizures. A seizure is a short change in normal brain activity. Seizures are the main sign of epilepsy.

Can you push IV phenytoin?

Parenteral phenytoin should be used only when oral phenytoin administration is not possible. Parenteral phenytoin may be administered as a slow intravenous (IV) bolus or it may be administered via an IV infusion.

How fast can you push phenytoin?

The drug should be injected slowly intravenously at a rate not exceeding 1-3 mg/kg/min or 50 mg per minute, whichever is slower. Continuous monitoring of the electrocardiogram and blood pressure is essential.

Why is phenytoin given at night?

Why Is Phenytoin Given At Night? Phenytoin is commonly administered in the evening or at night. So that by the morning, there is sufficient concentration of the drug in the tissues and blood. This would reduce the risk or chances of a morning epileptic seizure.

Why do we give phenytoin slowly?

It usually takes around 4 weeks for phenytoin to work fully. This is because the dose of phenytoin needs to be increased slowly to prevent side effects. You may still have seizures or pain during this time.

How long does Cerebyx last?

Absorption/Bioavailability: Fosphenytoin is completely converted to phenytoin following IV administration, with a half-life of approximately 15 minutes. Fosphenytoin is also completely converted to phenytoin following IM administration and plasma total phenytoin concentrations peak in approximately 3 hours.

How do you give a shot of Levipil?

Levipil Injection is given as an infusion (slow drip) into a vein under the supervision of a healthcare professional. It is generally used for short-term control of seizures when treatment with oral medication is not feasible (eg. when the patient is unconscious).

Is epilepsy a serious illness?

People with epilepsy are at risk for two life-threatening conditions: tonic-clonic status epilepticus and sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Tonic-clonic status epilepticus is a long-lasting seizure that’s considered a medical emergency.

Why do people get epilepsy?

When epilepsy is diagnosed in older adults, it’s sometimes from another neurological issue, like a stroke or a brain tumor. Other causes can be related to genetic abnormalities, prior brain infection, prenatal injuries or developmental disorders. But in about half of people with epilepsy, there’s no apparent cause.

What should I check before giving phenytoin?

Blood urea nitrogen and creatinine test to check kidney function. Liver function tests. Glucose test to measure your blood sugar because phenytoin can cause your blood sugar to rise.

What is the most common side effects of phenytoin?

Common side effects

  • Headaches. Make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids.
  • Feeling drowsy, sleepy or dizzy. As your body gets used to phenytoin, these side effects should wear off.
  • Feeling nervous, unsteady or shaky.
  • Feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
  • Constipation.
  • Sore or swollen gums.

What does phenytoin do to the brain?

Phenytoin is used to control certain type of seizures, and to treat and prevent seizures that may begin during or after surgery to the brain or nervous system. Phenytoin is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

How fast can you administer IV phenytoin?

The rate of intravenous administration should not exceed 50 mg per minute in adults and 1-3 mg/kg/min (or 50 mg per minute, whichever is slower) in pediatric patients. Slower administration rates are recommended to minimize the cardiovascular adverse reactions.

How is Cerebyx given?

In controlled trials, IM CEREBYX was administered as a single daily dose utilizing either 1 or 2 injection sites. Some patients may require more frequent dosing. Intramuscular administration of CEREBYX should ordinarily not be used in pediatric patients.

Is Cerebyx the same as Dilantin?

Are Cerebyx and Dilantin the Same Thing? Dilantin (phenytoin) and Cerebyx (fosphenytoin sodium) are anti-epileptic drugs (anticonvulsants) used to control seizures. Cerebyx is used only for a short time, such as 5 days, when other forms of phenytoin cannot be given.

How do you dilute levetiracetam injection?

KEPPRA injection is for intravenous use only and must be diluted prior to administration. KEPPRA injection (500 mg/5 mL) should be diluted in 100 mL of a compatible diluent [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)] and administered intravenously as a 15-minute IV infusion.

How do you give levetiracetam injection?

Levetiracetam may be taken with or without food or on a full or empty stomach. However, if your doctor tells you to take the medicine a certain way, take it exactly as directed. You should try to take this medicine at the same time each day. Swallow the tablet or the extended-release tablet whole.

Can epilepsy go away?

While many forms of epilepsy require lifelong treatment to control the seizures, for some people the seizures eventually go away. The odds of becoming seizure-free are not as good for adults or for children with severe epilepsy syndromes, but it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time.

What is the main cause of epilepsy?

Epilepsy has no identifiable cause in about half the people with the condition. In the other half, the condition may be traced to various factors, including: Genetic influence. Some types of epilepsy, which are categorized by the type of seizure you experience or the part of the brain that is affected, run in families.

Who is at risk for epilepsy?

The onset of epilepsy is most common in children and older adults, but the condition can occur at any age. Family history. If you have a family history of epilepsy, you may be at an increased risk of developing a seizure disorder. Head injuries.