What is fodder processing?
Feed processing usually means altering the physical (and sometimes chemical) nature of feed commodities to optimise utilisation by animals and to enhance mixing and stability of the diet. The major components of any diet, roughage and grain, are the feeds most likely to be processed.
How can we increase fodder production in India?
Measures to increase fodder availability
- Optimum utilization of land resources.
- Improving production by using high yielding fodder varieties.
- Enhanced fodder seed production.
- Adopting suitable crop combinations.
- Improvement of grasslands/wastelands and other community lands.
What are the types of fodder?
Fodder includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and sprouted grains and legumes (such as bean sprouts, fresh malt, or spent malt).
In which season does fodder grow?
This crop is grown in tropics, sub-tropics and warm temperature regions. It is grown for feeding in green form, for hay making or for ensiling in mixtures with sorghum or maize. It can be grown during kharif, Rabi and summer seasons.
What are 5 different ways feed is processed?
Wet processing methods: It includes • Grinding • Dry rolling, • Flaking • Pressure cooking • Exploding • Pelleting • Reconstitution • Extrusion • Gelatinization • Dry processing methods: • grinding, dry rolling, popping, micronizing , extruding and roasting, decorticating /dehulling and crumbling.
What are the three major types of feed processing?
We can conveniently classify feeds into three main types: (1) roughages, (2) concentrates, and (3) mixed feeds.
Which is known as Queen of fodder?
The correct answer is Lucerne. Lucerne also known as “alfalfa” or “rijka” in northen India. Lucerne is native of South – West Asia. It is a protein rich fodder and considered as “queen of fodder crop”.
Which crop can yield highest quantity of green fodder?
Green fodder of cowpea (a) and barley (b) gave highest yields among tested crops. Results of this study have shown that the dry fodder yield of alfalfa was greatly reduced in comparison to other tested crops (Table 1).
Which is the fastest growing fodder?
1) Subabul Fodder:
This is one of the fastest growing fodder trees and produces maximum seeds.
Which fodder has highest protein?
Laboratory analysis showed that Fagopyrum dibotrys were the fodder species with the highest crude protein (CP) content (26.89%), followed by Polygonum molle (21.88%) and Hydrangea longipes (21.12%).
What are the 3 types of feeds?
We can conveniently classify feeds into three main types: (1) roughages, (2) concentrates, and (3) mixed feeds. Roughages include pasture forages, hays, silages, and byproduct feeds that contain a high percentage of fiber.
What are the 2 classifications of feed?
Feeds are generally classified into two broad categories, namely concentrates and forages. Concentrates are feeds which are high in energy content. The protein content in concentrates varies tremendously, from 2 to 80%. Forages, on the other hand, have a much narrower range in protein content, from 2 to 22%.
What are 4 types of feed additives?
While feed additives are most commonly referred to within their designated categories, all feed additives are divided into four main types.
- Nutritional Additives. These additives supply nutrients that are missing in the natural diet of livestock.
- Sensory Additives.
- Antibiotic Additives.
- Zootechnical Additives.
Which crop is known as King of fodder?
Berseem is one of the most important fodder crops and has been rightly described as the king of fodders.
Which crop is called King of crop?
Explanation: Wheat is known as the King of cereals.
Which fodder is best for cow?
Jowar and maize are the best crops suitable for ensiling. All non-leguminous fodder crops except turnip and rape. Hybrid Napier, Sudan grass, Berseem, Oats cow pia, millets are also suitable crops.
Which tree gives best fodder?
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What is the best seed for fodder?
The most popular fodder seeds are barley, alfalfa, millet, oats, wheat, grain rye, ryegrass, buckwheat, field peas, clover and sorghum. Fodder Rule of thumb is “2% of the animal’s live body weight of fodder per day.” One pound of seed can produce eight pounds of fodder.
What are the 3 main feeding methods?
Clinical nutrition can be taken in three ways:
- Enteral. The term, enteral, refers to nutrition administered via the gastrointestinal tract.
- Tube Feeding.
What are two main types of feed?
What are the methods of feed formulation?
Methods of Diet Formulation
There are 3 main methods for formulating the diet; Pearson Square Method. Trial and Error Method. Computer Formulation Method.
Which is queen of fodder?
Which crop is known as poor man’s food?
Pulses are known as the poor man’s meat because they are rich in nutrition and low in cost. Therefore, most low income populations can use this nutritious crop as their staple food.
Who is queen of Vegetables?
Broccoli: The Queen of Vegetables!
Which green fodder has maximum protein?
Alfalfa has become one of the world’s most useful forage crops. The plant’s protein content is high and it is much more drought-tolerant than other perennial legumes.