What does a buccal exostosis look like?

Buccal exostoses are usually found only on the facial surface of the maxillary alveolar bone, especially in the posterior segment. Radiographically, exostosis appears as well-defined round or oval calcified structure superimposing the roots of teeth.

What is the difference between Tori and exostosis?

Exostoses are benign protuberances of bone that may arise on the cortical surface of the jaws (eFigure 2-16). A torus (plural: tori) is an exostosis that occurs in one of two locations intraorally.

How do you get rid of buccal exostosis?

In the rare instance where treatment is recommended, the exostosis can be removed in a dental specialist’s office, usually by an oral surgeon. Under local anesthesia, the surgeon will make an incision and lift the soft tissue away to expose the overgrowth of bone.

What causes buccal Tori?

Causes. Why buccal exostoses form is unclear, but it may involve bruxism (tooth clenching and grinding), and genetic factors. Typically they first appear in early adulthood.

Can exostosis be cancerous?

There’s about a 1 to 6 percent risk that a benign exostosis resulting from HME can become cancerous. When that happens, it’s called an osteosarcoma.

What are Tori and exostoses what clinical complications may they cause?

What are tori and exostoses, what clinical complications may they cause, and what may need to be done with them? Bony outgrowths of the mandible and maxilla. They can become traumatized by many things and may become painful.

Does exostosis go away?

Caused by a genetic disorder, it’s usually diagnosed around the age of 3 or 4. The gene for hereditary multiple exostosis affects bone growth and causes multiple exostoses to form. The exostoses become bigger as children grow but will stop developing once they reach adulthood.

How is exostosis treated?

The treatment for hereditary multiple exostosis is surgical removal of any growths that are causing pain or discomfort, or disrupting the child’s movement.

What problems do exostosis cause?

[1] Although usually asymptomatic and benign, external auditory exostoses (EAE) can cause conductive hearing loss, recurrent otitis externa, otalgia, otorrhea, cerumen impaction, and water trapping.

Is surgery needed for exostosis?

Exostosis can be painless, or it can cause severe pain and require surgical removal.

How common is buccal exostosis?

There is no sex predilection and approximately one in 1,000 adults are affected. Buccal exostoses occur as bilateral, smooth bony masses along the buccal aspect of the maxillary and/or mandibular alveolar ridge, usually in the premolar-molar area.

Is exostosis surgery painful?

In some circumstances, patients may develop traumatic ulcers and exposure of bone (known as dehiscence) leading to pain and discomfort. Removal of torus or exostosis is a relatively minor procedure with minimal discomfort.

Is exostosis cancerous?

The inherited condition is called hereditary multiple osteochondromas or hereditary multiple exostoses (an exostosis is an external outgrowth of bone). Multiple osteochondromas are also noncancerous, but they pose a greater chance of complications, usually by interfering with the normal growth of your bones.