What do special rapporteurs do?

The functions of Special Rapporteurs include responding to individual complaints, conducting studies, providing advice on technical cooperation and undertaking country visits to assess specific human rights situations.

How are special rapporteurs appointed?

The Special Rapporteurs, Independent Experts and members of the Working Groups are appointed by the Human Rights Council and serve in their personal capacities. They undertake to uphold independence, efficiency, competence and integrity through probity, impartiality, honesty and good faith.

What are country rapporteurs?

Rapporteurs investigate and monitor human rights problems and recommend solutions. In general, UN Country Rapporteurs are appointed to serve for one year, with the possibility of renewing the term every year.

Who is the current Special Rapporteur?

Special Rapporteurs of the International Law Commission (1949–2022)

Rapporteur Dates submitted
28. Roman A. Kolodkin 2008, 2011
29. Sir Hersch Lauterpacht 1953–1954
30. Marja Lehto 2018–2022
31. Stephen C. McCaffrey 1985–1991

What is a Special Rapporteur report?

The Special Rapporteur’s annual reports include a description of the activities carried out during the year in the framework of the mandate, and will also normally include discussion of specific themes or issues of particular relevance for the rights of indigenous peoples.

What is general comment?

General Comments clarify the content of the rights set out in the treaty in question, sometimes outline potential violations of those rights and offer advice to states parties on how best to comply with their obligations under the human rights treaty.

What do special procedures do?

Special procedures are independent human rights experts tasked by the UN to investigate and report on human rights situations around the world. They also provide advice and recommendations for the implementation of those rights.

How do you pronounce rapporteurs?

The word is pronounced ‘ra-por-TEER’ with the stress on the final syllable.

How do you cite a special rapporteur report?

  1. Author. The first time you reference the document, give the name of the author in full, e.g. United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR). After that, it can be given in abbreviated form, e.g. UNCHR.
  2. Title. Abbreviate resolution to ‘Res’
  3. Date. The date is always given in (round brackets).
  4. Document number.

What is General Comment No 4?

States parties must prohibit all discrimination on the basis of disability and guarantee to all persons with disabilities equal and effective protection against discrimination on all grounds.

Is General Comment binding?


It is commonly acknowledged that General Comments are not legally binding. The views expressed by governments and judges bear this out, with both groups stating that General Comments are important and expert pronouncements on Covenant issues, but not legally binding.

How do I complain about human rights violations?

State Human Rights Commission
If any person has a grievance that his or her human rights are being violated then he may approach the respective state commission where the alleged act has been committed.

What is a thematic mandate?

There are two types of Special Procedures mandates: the thematic mandates, such as water and sanitation, arbitrary detention, the rights of migrants, violence against women, torture and human trafficking, and the country-specific mandates.

How do you read repertoire?

How to Pronounce Repertoire? (2 WAYS!) UK/British Vs US/American …

How do you reference Unesco?

If the group author is long, spell out the name of the group author followed by an abbreviation in brackets the first time the group author appears in a citation, and use only the abbreviation in subsequent citations: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, 2006) UNESCO (2006)

How do you cite a resolution?

Reference Format:
Title [if there is one], bill or resolution number, xxx Cong. (year).

What is gc4 education?

It focuses on the full and effective participation, accessibility, attendance and achievement of all students, especially those who, for different reasons, are excluded or at risk of being marginalized. Inclusion involves access to and progress in high-quality formal and informal education without discrimination.

Is inclusion a human right?

Inclusion is seen as a universal human right. The aim of inclusion is to embrace all people irrespective of race, gender, disability, medical or other need. It is about giving equal access and opportunities and getting rid of discrimination and intolerance (removal of barriers). It affects all aspects of public life.

What is the purpose of a general comment?

Why are general comments important?

A general comment is a treaty body’s interpretation of human rights treaty provisions, thematic issues or its methods of work. General comments often seek to clarify the reporting duties of State parties with respect to certain provisions and suggest approaches to implementing treaty provisions.

What are examples of human rights violations?

Abductions, arbitrary arrests, detentions without trial, political executions, assassinations, and torture often follow. In cases where extreme violations of human rights have occurred, reconciliation and peacebuilding become much more difficult.

What are violations of human rights?

It prohibits arbitrary deprivation of life; torture, cruel or degrading treatment or punishment; slavery and forced labour; arbitrary arrest or detention; arbitrary interference with privacy; war propaganda; discrimination; and advocacy of racial or religious hatred.

What’s the difference between repertoire and repertory?

The word repertory is very similar to the related repertoire, and they share the Late Latin root repertorium, “inventory or list.” The French repertoire is generally more common, meaning “full range of what you can do.” Repertory is more likely to specifically mean a theater or company of actors with a regularly …

What is an example of a repertoire?

Repertoire is all the skills or remembered performances of a particular person. An example of repertoire is someone knowing all the songs to Grease, Les Miserables and Cabaret. An example of repertoire is the range of knots that a sailor can tie.

Is Unesco a government organization?

UNESCO, acronym for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that was outlined in a constitution signed November 16, 1945.