What are the indication of Cardiotocography?

Indications for CTG:

Alterations in fetal HR present during auscultation; High-risk delivery (Table 1); Induced or/and stimulated labor; Auscultation can not be performed due to maternal body composition or various other reasons.

What is the significance of fetal heart tones?

Fetal monitoring tracks the speed and pattern of your baby’s heartbeat. The average heart rate of an unborn baby is 110 to 160 beats per minute. By monitoring your baby’s heart rate, your provider can tell if the heart rate is too high or low or changing too much.

What is a normal CTG trace?

Normal antenatal CTG trace: The normal antenatal CTG is associated with a low probability of fetal compromise and has the following features: • Baseline fetal heart rate (FHR) is between 110-160 bpm • Variability of FHR is between 5-25 bpm • Decelerations are absent or early • Accelerations x2 within 20 minutes.

What is an abnormal CTG?

An abnormal CTG has two or more features which are non-reassuring, or any abnormal features. Further information about classifying FHR traces: If repeated accelerations are present with reduced variability, the FHR trace should be regarded as reassuring.

What Toco number is a strong contraction?

The intensity of Braxton Hicks contractions varies between approximately 5-25 mm Hg (a measure of pressure). For comparison, during true labor the intensity of a contraction is between 40-60 mm Hg in the beginning of the active phase.

How early can a CTG be used?

On the basis of the lines appearances (curve), the condition of the fetus is determined, and its possible threat during pregnancy or during birth. Cardiotocography (CTG) can be applied from 28 week of pregnancy, but its most common use after the 32nd week.

Does higher heart rate mean boy or girl?

False. A baby girl’s heart rate is usually faster than a boy’s, but only after the onset of labor. There’s no difference between fetal heart rates for boys and girls, but the rate does vary with the age of the fetus.

What heart rate is a boy?

If it’s over 140 bpm, you’re having a baby girl. Below 140 bpm, you’re carrying a boy. The truth is, your baby’s heart will likely start beating sometime around week 6 of your pregnancy. You can even see and measure this flicker of light on an ultrasound.

What number is considered a contraction?

What TOCO Number is a Contraction?

Type of contraction TOCO number
Braxton Hicks contractions Varies between 5-25 mmHg
Active labor contractions Intensity of a contraction is between 40-60 mmHg
Second phase of labor Intensity of contractions increases to 50-80 mmHg

What is a strong contraction number?

The red indicator on the bottom tracing shows the strength of a contraction, measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). 6 The higher the number, the stronger the contraction.

What are the signs of a baby in distress?

Signs and Symptoms of Fetal Distress

  • Decreased movement by the baby in the womb.
  • Cramping.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Excessive weight gain.
  • Inadequate weight gain.
  • The “baby bump” in the mother’s tummy is not progressing or looks smaller than expected.

What is a normal Toco reading?

Varies between 5-25 mmHg. Active labor contractions. Intensity of a contraction is between 40-60 mmHg. Second phase of labor. Intensity of contractions increases to 50-80 mmHg.

What is Toco in labor?

Tocodynamometry (Toco; strain gauge technology) provides contraction frequency and approximate duration of labor contractions but suffers frequent signal dropout, necessitating repositioning by a nurse, and may fail in obese patients.

Why CTG is done?

Cardiotocography (CTG) is a continuous recording of the fetal heart rate obtained via an ultrasound transducer placed on the mother’s abdomen. CTG is widely used in pregnancy as a method of assessing fetal well‐being, predominantly in pregnancies with increased risk of complications.

What are signs of having a boy?

Old Wives’ Tales Say You’re Having a Male Baby If…

  • You’re carrying low.
  • You’re only putting on pounds around your belly.
  • Your partner isn’t gaining weight.
  • Your skin is clear and glowing.
  • Your morning sickness isn’t that bad.
  • Your urine is a dull yellow.
  • Your feet are always cold.
  • Your baby’s heart rate is low.

Is 147 bpm a boy or girl?

The belief is that a heartbeat slower than 140 beats per minute indicates a male baby, while a faster heartbeat indicates a female baby. There is no evidence that this is true.

Can you tell if its a boy or girl by the heart beat?

An average fetal heart rate ranges from 110 to 160 beats per minute (bpm) and changes when the baby is active. Some babies have heart rates that are slower or faster than average. But this has nothing to do with the sex of your baby. “The fetal heart rate does not predict the sex of the baby,” says Dr.

How can you make birth painless?

Some natural pain management methods include:

  1. Breathing techniques, such as those taught in Lamaze.
  2. Massage.
  3. Essential oils or aromatherapy.
  4. Meditation.
  5. Hypnosis.
  6. Music therapy.
  7. Taking a warm bath or shower.
  8. Walking around.

How do you know when the baby is coming?

KEY POINTS. Learning the signs of labor before your due date can help you feel ready for your baby’s birth. Signs of labor include strong and regular contractions, pain in your belly and lower back, a bloody mucus discharge and your water breaking. If you think you’re in labor, call your health care provider.

What triggers labor to start?

Labor usually starts two weeks before or after the estimated date of delivery. However, the exact trigger for the onset of labor is unknown. While the signs of labor may vary, the most common are contractions, rupture of the amniotic sac (“breaking your water”) and bloody show.

How do you read a contraction chart?

These are beats per minute (bpm), which are measured in increments of 10 with markings every 30 beats. The red indicator on the bottom tracing shows the strength of a contraction, measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). 6 The higher the number, the stronger the contraction.

What happens to baby in womb when mother is stressed?

During pregnancy, stress can increase the chances of having a premature baby (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or a low-birthweight baby (weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces). Babies born too soon or too small are at increased risk for health problems.

Why does a fetus heart stop beating?

Injuries. Long-term (chronic) health conditions in the mother (diabetes, epilepsy, or high blood pressure) Problems with the placenta that prevent the fetus from getting nourishment (such as placental detachment) Sudden severe blood loss (hemorrhage) in the mother or fetus.

How many Toco is a contraction?

What is a normal Toco number?