## How do you read refrigerant pressure enthalpy chart?

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On the P-H diagram, pressure is indicated on the y-axis and enthalpy is indicated on the x-axis. Typically enthalpy is in units of Btu/lb and pressure is in units of pounds per square inch (psi). The upside down U figure shown on the diagram designates the points at which the refrigerant changes phase.

## What is a pressure enthalpy diagram for a refrigerant?

The pressure-enthalpy diagram (log P/h diagram) is a very useful tool for refrigerant technicians. First, an explanation of how the diagram is built up is given, and then its use is describ​ed. Figure 2.1​ shows the principle of a log P/h diagram, and indicates the refrigerant’s various thermodynamic states.

What do you mean by ammonia R 717 )?

R717 (Ammonia) is refrigerant grade Ammonia (NH3) used in low and medium temperature refrigeration. It is a colourless, pungent, highly toxic gas but is a very efficient refrigerant with zero Global Warming Potential (GWP).

What is a Ph chart in refrigeration?

A p-h diagram is a figure with a vertical axis of absolute pressure and a horizontal axis of specific enthalpy. It is an important diagram used frequently for a performance calculation of a refrigerating machine.

### What does a pressure-enthalpy chart show?

An enthalpy chart shows the A/C cycle and at what temperature and pressure the refrigerant changes from a gas to a liquid and back to a gas.

### What is the purpose of a pressure-enthalpy chart?

The pressure-enthalpy (P-H) diagram is a useful tool for refrigeration engineers and designers. It is also useful for service technicians. The P-H diagram is a graphical representation of the refrigerant as it travels through the refrigeration system.

How do you calculate refrigerant enthalpy?

1. S1=Sg at -10ºC 0.93782 KJ/Kg.K. Saturated table.
2. 244.55 KJ/Kg. Saturated table.
3. Isenthropically,S1=S2 at -10ºC 0.93782 KJ/Kg.K. Saturated table.
4. Sf 0.4184 KJ/Kg.K. Saturated table.
5. Sg 0.9137 KJ/Kg.K. Saturated table.
6. Evaporator temperature depend upon. Condenser temperature depends upon the atmosphere.

Which type of refrigerant is R 717?

Ammonia

Ammonia has been used in industrial applications since the 1930s and is generally acknowledged as the most efficient refrigerant. It has a low boiling point and is favoured because it is a highly energy efficient refrigerant which also has minimal environmental impact.

#### Why is NH3 not written as H3N?

Originally Answered: Why is NH3 not written as H3N? Because N is not ‘built’ off of H3.

#### What is a pressure-enthalpy chart used for?

Which chart is most useful in refrigeration?

Pressure-enthalpy chart is useful in refrigeration.

How do you calculate enthalpy from pressure and temperature?

From the definition of enthalpy as H = U + pV, the enthalpy change at constant pressure is ΔH = ΔU + p ΔV. However for most chemical reactions, the work term p ΔV is much smaller than the internal energy change ΔU, which is approximately equal to ΔH.

## How do you calculate enthalpy in HVAC?

The equation for enthalpy is h = ha + H*hg where ha is the specific enthalpy of dry air, H is the humidity ratio, and hg is the specific enthalpy of water vapor.

## What class of refrigerant is ammonia?

Standard 34 classifies ammonia as a Group B2L refrigerant, because of toxicity and flammability concerns. Standard 15 establishes the requirements for safely applying ammonia in refrigerating systems. In general, ammonia can be used in unlimited quantities in direct systems for industrial occupancies.

Is ammonia better than r134a?

Ammonia and R-134a chillers have almost the same efficiency at 100 percent and 75 percent capacity. The ammonia chiller has a much better part-load efficiency. The IPLV efficiency is 12 percent higher in an ammonia chiller. First cost of the ammonia chiller is twice that of an R-134a chiller.

What is the difference between H3N and NH3?

There is no hydronitric acid. As others have pointed out, you have just rearranged the formula for ammonia. NH3 is essentially the same as H3N.

### Why is N written first in ammonia?

It is not compulsory to write N before or after it can be written in any way . It will not differ the formula or it will not deduct the marks. So, it’s upto you in which way you want to write. Also, it is quite common to write the central atom first then the other atom.

### How do you calculate refrigeration enthalpy?

Does enthalpy change with pressure?

Enthalpy is the heat content of a system as a function of entropy and pressure. As the pressure increases ( ΔP>0 ), so does enthalpy, and vice versa.

Why is ammonia not used as a refrigerant?

Ammonia has desirable characteristics as a refrigerant, which have been well known for over a century. It is corrosive and hazardous when released in large quantities. Because of its irritating odor, persons will not voluntarily stay near concentrations that are health threatening.

#### Is ammonia the best refrigerant?

Environment. Ammonia is the most environmentally friendly refrigerant. It belongs to the group of so called “natural” refrigerants, and it has both GWP (Global Warming Potential) and ODP (Ozone Depletion Potential) equal to zero.

#### Why ammonia is not used as refrigerant?

What is the disadvantage of ammonia using as a refrigerant *?

There are two key disadvantages to using ammonia as a refrigerant: It is not compatible with copper, so it cannot be used in any system with copper pipes. Ammonia is poisonous in high concentrations.

Why we write NH3 not H3N?

Originally Answered: Why are NH3 Is not written H3N? NH3 is a typical covalent compound and it doesn’t contain any ion. Even in aquous solution it doesn’t dissociate into ions, though it produces NH4+ and OH- ions with H2O to some extent. Also, N is the central atom in NH3.

## Is ammonia gas heavier than air?

Ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it does not settle in low-lying areas. However, in the presence of moisture, ammonia can form vapors that are heavier than air. These vapors can spread along the ground or other low-lying areas.