How do I make Selenium wait until page loads?

It is usually necessary to introduce a wait time in the Selenium script when navigating Ajax-based or dynamic elements that may continue to load after the page loads.

There are three ways to implement Selenium wait for page to load:

  1. Using Implicit Wait.
  2. Using Explicit Wait.
  3. Using Fluent Wait.

Does Selenium load Javascript?

Selenium webdriver can execute Javascript. After loading a page, you can execute any javascript you want. A webdriver must be installed for selenium to work. All it takes to execute Javascript is calling the method execute_script(js) where js is your javascript code.

Can Selenium interact with Javascript?

Fortunately, Selenium already has really deep connections with JavaScript to perform some interactions with web applications. And it allows a user to execute any JS script on a current page by invoking executeScript or executeAsyncScript methods of its JavaScriptExecutor interface.

How do I make Selenium wait 10 seconds?

We can make Selenium wait for 10 seconds. This can be done by using the Thread. sleep method. Here, the wait time (10 seconds) is passed as a parameter to the method.

What is dynamic wait in Selenium?

What are dynamic waits? Consider a situation where you have given a TimeOut value of 20 seconds. If the element is loaded in 5 seconds, then rest 15 seconds will be ignored. It won’t wait until the TimeOut value is completed, i.e 20 seconds.

How can I make the browser wait to display the page until it’s fully loaded?

To make the browser wait to display the page until it’s fully loaded with JavaScript, we run our code in the window. onload method. to set the body element to have opacity 0 initially. window.

Which Selenium code can execute JavaScript directly?


This method is used to execute the asynchronous Javascript in the current window or frame.

What is fluent wait in Selenium?

Fluent Wait in Selenium marks the maximum amount of time for Selenium WebDriver to wait for a certain condition (web element) becomes visible. It also defines how frequently WebDriver will check if the condition appears before throwing the “ElementNotVisibleException”.

Can I use JavaScript for automation?

Yes, it can undoubtedly be used to automate daily tasks. It is simple to perform automated UI Testing for applications by utilizing JavaScript to construct test scripts.

Which Selenium wait is better?

The best practice to wait for a change in Selenium is to use the synchronization concept. The implicit and explicit waits can be used to handle a wait. The implicit is a global wait applied to every element on the page. The default value of implicit wait is 0.

What are the wait commands in Selenium?

Selenium WebDriver provides three commands to implement waits in tests.

  • Implicit Wait.
  • Explicit Wait.
  • Fluent Wait.

Which is the best wait in Selenium?

Explicit Wait in Selenium
It gives better options than implicit wait as it waits for dynamically loaded Ajax elements. In the below example, we are creating reference wait for “WebDriverWait” class and instantiating using “WebDriver” reference, and we are giving a maximum time frame of 20 seconds.

What are different types of wait in Selenium?

Does DOMContentLoaded wait for scripts?

The DOMContentLoaded event fires when the HTML document has been completely parsed, and all deferred scripts ( <script defer src=”…”> and <script type=”module”> ) have downloaded and executed. It doesn’t wait for other things like images, subframes, and async scripts to finish loading.

What loads first JavaScript or HTML?

The browser loads the html (DOM) at first. The browser starts to load the external resources from top to bottom, line by line. If a <script> is met, the loading will be blocked and wait until the JS file is loaded and executed and then continue.

How do you execute JavaScript in Selenium?

Get Started with JavaScriptExecutor

  1. Import the package. Import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
  2. Create a reference. JavascriptExecutor js = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
  3. Call the JavascriptExecutor method. js. executeScript(script, args); Javascript.

What is the default wait time in Selenium?

The page load timeout is set to -1 by default. This means that Selenium will wait indefinitely for the page to load.

How do you automate a web application using JavaScript?

Web automation with JavaScript for beginners | Puppeteer – YouTube

How do you automate repetitive web browser tasks?

Apply Automation to Common Website Actions

  1. Launch the web application.
  2. Enter username in the username field.
  3. Enter password in the password field.
  4. Click the sign in button.
  5. Navigate to the reports section.
  6. Enter the current date in the date field.
  7. Wait for results of all reports to display.

Why implicit wait is not recommended?

Hey Aaron, the main disadvantage of implicit wait is that it slows down test performance. The implicit wait will tell to the web driver to wait for certain amount of time before it throws a “No Such Element Exception”.

Why explicit wait is better than implicit wait?

Explicit wait is more intelligent, but can only be applied for specified elements. However, it is an improvement on implicit wait since it allows the program to pause for dynamically loaded Ajax elements. In order to declare explicit wait, one has to use “ExpectedConditions”.

Can I use implicit and explicit wait together?

Warning: Do not mix implicit and explicit waits. Doing so can cause unpredictable wait times. For example, setting an implicit wait of 10 seconds and an explicit wait of 15 seconds could cause a timeout to occur after 20 seconds.

What is the difference between DOMContentLoaded and load?

The load event is fired when the whole page has loaded, including all dependent resources such as stylesheets and images. This is in contrast to DOMContentLoaded , which is fired as soon as the page DOM has been loaded, without waiting for resources to finish loading.

How can I fast load JavaScript?

Speed Up Your Javascript Load Time

  1. Find The Flab.
  2. Compress Your Javascript.
  3. Debugging Compressed Javascript.
  4. Eliminating Tedium.
  5. Optimize Javascript Placement.
  6. Load Javascript On-Demand.
  7. Delay Your Javascript.
  8. Cache Your Files.

Can JavaScript run before page load?

AFAIK it is executed at the moment the browser reaches the <script> tag where it is in. But you cannot access elements that are not loaded yet. So if you need access to elements, you should wait until the DOM is loaded (this does not mean the whole page is loaded, including images and stuff.